Obesity stands as one of the most important health problems of the 21st century. The number of overweight and obese people is increasing in the world along with Turkey. According to the latest report released by the World Health Organization, Turkey has the highest obesity rate in Europe in terms of adult population. Two out of every three adults in Turkey are overweight or obese. Obesity is spreading rapidly not only in adults but also in children. One in four children in Turkey is overweight.
Prof. Dr. President of the Turkish Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism (TEMD) Obesity, Dyslipidemia and Hypertension Working Group. Dr. Fahri Bayram and working group vice-president Prof. Dr. Sinem Kıyıcı touches on important health issues experienced by obese people during the Covid-19 period, especially for World Obesity Day.
Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death
Professor Dr. Sinem Kıyıcı, “Obesity; It causes many chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, hypertension, high blood lipids, coronary artery disease, stroke, various cancers, sleep-apnea syndrome, fatty liver, reflux, gallbladder disease, infertility, depression, joint and movement. There is a problem. Obesity is the second most common preventable cause of death.
As the world continues to fight the Kovid-19 epidemic, which began and spread in the Chinese city of Wuhan, current data shows that the balance of Kovid-19 disease in the world and in our country is more critical for obese people. . Created work; It showed that Covid-19 positivity increased by 46 percent, hospital admissions increased by 113%, and pathological deaths among obese and overweight individuals increased by 48 percent compared to normal weight individuals. Another study in Turkey indicates that obesity doubles deaths due to Covid-19. Obesity-related respiratory and over-the-counter diseases such as obesity-related diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease increase the risk of pneumonia due to Covid-19 and require intensive care. It has also been shown by scientific data that obese people have a higher risk of contracting Covid-19 infection and more serious Covid-19 disease than other people.
The rate of obesity increases due to stress
Kovid-19 epidemic will cause a severe increase in the rate of obesity around the world, said Professor. Dr. Fahri Bayram goes on to say, “Factors such as the stress and anxiety caused by the epidemic, the increase in time spent at home, the unhealthy eating habits brought about by this process and the difficulty in accessing treatment also pose a great risk. Increasing the rate of obesity.
On the other hand, although obesity causes serious health problems, it is a treatable disease. Even just 5-10 percent of weight loss reduces the risk of obesity-related diseases and obese people dying. Adopting lifestyle changes, including healthy nutrition and exercise, will be a major step in both the treatment and prevention of obesity. When needed and appropriate, drug therapy or surgical procedures can also be used to treat obesity.
It is important to raise awareness about obesity
Professor Dr. Fahri Bayram noted that raising awareness about obesity is an important issue for the prevention and treatment of obesity and that “since 2020, March 4 is being observed as” World Obesity Day “to create a strong voice around the world. As the Turkish Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism, we World Obesity Day draws attention to obesity and emphasizes the need to fight the disease at the societal level and that obesity is a treatable condition with a preventable and long-term course of action.