The causes of ADHD, which is defined as a health problem with cognitive and behavioral problems manifested by a lack of attention, mobility and excessive emotion, are not fully understood.
Researchers say that the source of ADHD is risk factors such as genetic factors, brain damage, diet and addiction, and psychosocial factors. ADHD is especially common during primary school. The incidence is 3-5 percent in children, and higher in boys than in girls.
ADHD, which is difficult to distinguish with the early childhood traits, can cause academic, social, and psychological problems if not initially intervened. Children with ADHD may experience poor academic achievement as well as adaptation problems in school.
Explaining to Anadolu Agency (AA) how ADHD manifests itself in children, expert clinical psychologist Phillies Coban says: Hyperactivity, constant movement of hands and feet, inability to sit, climbing, running, uninterrupted movement, excessive talking, impulsivity. Wait in line, not answering questions before the end. He said that this can be seen in the behavior of lack of attention, inability to pay attention to details, inability to concentrate on tasks and roles and avoiding tasks that require mental effort.
Shepherd says that a person can only have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Hyperactivity Disorder, or both Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder.
“More common in boys”
Koban says people with ADHD are too exposed to external stimuli and often forget about daily activities.
“To address the issues that ADHD sufferers experience throughout their education, students should first be identified with ADHD in the early years of primary school. After identifying students, their educational needs should be determined sequentially. Determining how ADHD diagnoses affects students. To do, and develop related skills accordingly. Early school early diagnosis will ensure that the curriculum is based on appropriate foundations, and it will positively affect the skill development of individuals and prevent educational barriers. That’s the problem.
If left untreated, it can affect a person’s entire life.
Noting that ADHD can be seen in different ways depending on the developmental characteristics of each age group, Koban makes the following recommendations for parents of children with ADHD:
“Early precautions should be taken. Observe your child well. For this, play a lot of games during the pre-school period. It requires patience and understanding. Because children with ADHD work very emotionally at home, parents are sometimes punished or even violent. It’s not a problem with the baby’s character, it’s not a problem. “You need to know if he or she is experiencing these for biological reasons. Get and check information about your child. It needs to work. Anyone who gets help, such as doctors, teachers, parents, psychologists and special educators coordinates. Don’t hesitate to ask expert help. “
“Play lots of games with your kids”
The most appropriate way to monitor children is to play games, expert clinical psychologist Shepherd lists games that can be played with children with ADHD:
“Hide the toy that you can choose according to your age and interests in the house and let your child find out if it is hot or cold. You may want to know the object or animal you like in the picture shown to him. Ask him to recognize and know. You close your eyes and hold his hand.” Things to keep. “
Koban emphasized the need to start treating children or adolescents with ADHD, saying, “If ADHD is not treated, it can lead to serious problems in the future, such as the child’s academic departure, inability to maintain friendships, and tendency.” Substance abuse and smoking, and depression in adolescence. And with timely treatment, rapid effects and recovery are seen in people with ADHD. “
“People with dementia have trouble keeping their attention.”
Expert psychologist Hayal Kessel states that attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder are among the neurodevelopmental disorders.
Noting that only attention deficit, hyperactivity disorder and both comorbidities (together) can be seen in children and adolescents, Keskinel said: , Seems to be unheard of, has difficulty following orders, has organizational problems, avoids or dislikes tasks that require intense thought, loses property, is easily confused, forgets daily tasks.
It is said that a person with hyperactive-impulsive disorder cannot stand still, his limbs are unstable, he has trouble sitting for long periods of time, he cannot run or climb as a child and he cannot stand still as an adult. As active as climbing. He talks a lot, the other person sticks the answer before he finishes his question, there are problems with tasks that have to wait or order, hinder others, “he said.
Kessel says the results from both of the above groups can be seen together in individuals who experience both attention deficit and hyperactive-impulsive disorders.
“Children with ADHD may also have difficulty socializing.”
Noting that the diagnosis of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder has been made by a child and adolescent psychiatrist, the diagnosed individuals have been assisted in their difficulties with psychotherapy, psychoeducation and specialized education.
Children can show their strong emotions through difficult behaviors and children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder may have difficulty with their social relationships.
“In the process of therapy, it is very important for the family to accurately monitor the child’s mental needs, consider the methods and responses applied in the company of specialists. Early diagnosis is also effective for attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder. In all cases. By taking appropriate therapy they can make significant improvements in all areas of difficulty. Increased effectiveness in daily life can improve social relationships and improve conflict resolution skills. “
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