Providing important information about sleep disorders, neurologist U.J.M. Dr. Nezla Chapuk, “Sleep disorders are quite common in the general population, but they can affect sleep, sleep retention, or sleep skills. Sleep disorders, also called sleep disorders, are the most common group.” Says
Neurologist Dr. Gwen Arslan said that “sleep apnea” is one of the most common sleep disorders and stressed that sleep apnea syndrome should be investigated in people who wake up tired in the morning despite getting enough sleep, who feel tired and who are lazy and sleepy during the day. Is.
Neurologist Dr. Gwen Arslan provided important information about Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS), also known as Sleep Apnea. The disease is one of the most common sleep disorders, said Dr. “Although this is a very unknown situation, it carries the risk of serious health problems,” said Arslan. It is seen in 3-7.5 percent men and 2-4.5 percent women in our society. Clinically, complete cessation of breathing for at least 10 seconds during sleep is defined as “apnea” and these patients may have multiple apnea attacks at night.
During the attack, the level of oxygen in the blood decreases and this condition causes damage and loss to all cells, especially brain and heart cells. Arslan said that although the underlying cause of the apnea attack is a physiological disorder in some patients, most patients have a physiological cause.
Although nasal congestion is seen as innocent in our society, it carries the risk of causing serious health problems, he said, adding that “it is vital to examine it and take the necessary precautions.”
Explaining that people who have this problem can wake up several times at night, Dr. “People who are often sleep deprived can’t remember when they wake up,” said Arslan. However, this situation causes a feeling of fatigue and weakness in the person during the repetitive period. Dr. Arslan warned that sleep apnea syndrome should be investigated in people who feel tired when they wake up in the morning after getting enough sleep, and who are lazy during the day and who sleep constantly.
Noting that all respiratory diseases that start from the inside of the nose and extend into the mouth and narrow the airways can lead to sleep apnea. Arslan lists the risk factors as follows: “Male genitals, obesity, small neck, physiological disorders of the tongue or nasal passages, smoking, alcohol use, use of sleeping pills.”
“Most of the time patients don’t know”
Shortness of breath, runny nose and frequent waking during sleep at night are notable symptoms, said Dr. “Most of the time the patient is unaware that he stops breathing and wakes up all the time,” said Arslan. However, there are also imaginary symptoms such as daytime sleepiness, depression, lack of attention, forgetfulness and headaches.
Dr. Sleep apnea syndrome can be diagnosed by polysomnography tests (sleep tests) for people with short necks, excess weight, runny nose and shortness of breath during sleep, Arslan said. For this procedure, the patient should be examined in the sleep laboratory one night, Dr. mentioned. “Everything that happens during sleep, values and brain waves are recorded in this process,” Arslan said. Later, the records are interpreted and reported by the specialist physician. In the report, it is referred to as the number of apnea / hypopnea per hour (apnea-hypopnea index / AHI) during sleep, and this indicator clinically determines the severity of sleep apnea syndrome.
Dr. Mentioning that the patient’s request and if the doctor deems it appropriate, polysomnography can be performed at home, Arslan said, “Electrodes attached to the body 1 hour before bedtime can record about 6 to 7 hours. 4 hours of sleep is enough to get results, “he said.
The number of apnea and hypoapnia depends on one of the most important factors in making a diagnosis. Arsenal said: “Apnea is shortness of breath during sleep, and hypoapnia is slow. If the person stops breathing more than five times in an hour, the person is diagnosed with sleep apnea.
Underlining that treatment options vary according to the individual and the severity of the disease, Dr. Arslan says the following about treatment: “As a general recommendation, weight loss, alcohol cessation and smoking are successful. It is possible to keep the airways open during sleep with a medical device called an intrauterine appliance.” , Surgical procedures are applied to those who do not respond to this treatment.