Tuberculosis could affect 15 million people in Turkey

Tuberculosis could affect 15 million people in Turkey

Mentioning that about 10 people have tuberculosis germs in their body, they may get TB at some point in their life, said chest specialist Dr. Esra Ekbiç Kadıoğlu says that tuberculosis is a contagious disease which can be spread through coughs, sneezes and blisters.

It is not a genetic disease

Tuberculosis (TB), also known as the “thin disease” in humans, is a treatable disease that can lead to serious consequences, such as death if left untreated and untreated. Kadioulu said that tuberculosis is not genetic, that healthy people can get the TB bacillus virus by inhaling it from people who have been in the same environment for a long time, will not develop the disease in every infected person. Decreased capacity can cause disease.

The first two years of the infected person may be the disease, said Dr. Kadioulu says tuberculosis germs stay in the air for a long time in a sunless environment, but the sun’s ultraviolet rays kill the germs in a short time, so areas where people live should be ventilated.

Tuberculosis patients living in the same house have a higher chance of being infected, so once the diagnosis of tuberculosis is finalized, all persons who share the same air need to go to the TB dispensary for testing, said chest specialist Dr. Esra Ekbiç Kadıoğlu says that in our country 8-9 percent of patients are diagnosed through contact tests, and up to 90 percent of those who are not sick and at risk are protected from getting sick through preventive treatment.

If your cough lasts more than 3 weeks

Mention that symptoms such as cough lasting more than 2-3 weeks, unresponsive to treatment, blood in saliva, fever, night sweats, fatigue, weakness, weight loss, loss of appetite, shortness of breath, chest and back pain. Account, chest specialist. Esra Ekbiç Kadıoğlu explained that the patient’s complaint, chest X-ray results, sputum or other materials taken from the patient, and tuberculosis in the sputum were diagnosed by Bacillus.

Dr. spoke about the treatment of tuberculosis germs. Esra Ekbiç Kadıoğlu says: “In order to kill the microorganism for sure and prevent it from re-emerging, at least 4 drugs are used initially and the number of drugs is reduced after 2 or 3 months depending on the results of spit control. Treatment lasts at least 6 months. And because TB germs are transmitted to other germs. “Because it reproduces more slowly than other drugs, drugs should be used long and regularly. When the drugs are not used regularly, the germs show resistance Tuberculosis became resistant by taking medicine. Treatment for this type of disease is much more difficult and the drug should be used for 18-24 months, ”he said.

The vaccine protects

Chest specialist Dr. Esra Ekbiç Kadıoğlu, BCG The vaccine is given to babies who have completed their second month after birth in our country to prevent diseases that can develop in adults, especially in children, to protect against serious and deadly forms of tuberculosis, which can spread through blood transfusions. Milari) and he explains that it is protective against tuberculosis involving meningitis. In terms of public health, the most effective way to prevent tuberculosis is to quickly identify infectious patients and start appropriate treatment. Esra Ekbiç Kadıoğlu says that 2-3 days after the start of treatment, the number of bacilli decreases rapidly and the rate of infection decreases within 2-3 weeks.

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