Down syndrome is a genetic difference, a chromosomal abnormality. Simply put, the number of chromosomes in a normal human body is 46, but among people with Down syndrome, this number is 47 due to having three 21st chromosomes. For this reason, March 21 of each year is World Down Syndrome Day to raise awareness.
Occurs in 1 in 800 births
Down syndrome is not a disease that needs to be treated, it is a genetic difference. The only known cause of Down syndrome is gestational age, which increases the risk of pregnancy beyond the age of 35 years. However, since young women generally have more children, 75-80 percent of children with Down syndrome have children of young mothers. There is no difference in country, nationality, socio-economic condition. It occurs at an average of one in every 800 births. There are about 6 million people with Down syndrome worldwide. There are no complete data on Turkey, but it is estimated that there are approximately 70,000 people with Down syndrome.
Regular training is very important
Some of the physical features seen in people with Down syndrome are oblique, small eyes, flat nose, small fingers, curved little finger, thick neck, single line on the palate and thumb wider than other fingers. All or some of these features can be seen. Children with Down syndrome grow more slowly than their peers, without exception. Their mental development is delayed. These barriers seem to become more pronounced with age, but with appropriate educational activities, children with Down syndrome can achieve much success and lead meaningful lives in society. A regular and orderly training program and lots of repetition is the most important reason here.
Physiotherapy support is required
People with Down syndrome are generally shorter than their peers, and if they do not achieve proper eating habits due to their slow metabolism, they may experience weight problems later in life. They need physiotherapy assistance due to varying degrees of muscle relaxation (hypotonia). It is very important to see a physiotherapist as soon as your baby is born. Hypotonia is more or less dependent on it, some babies may have difficulty holding their head even for long periods of time, but with the help of physiotherapy they complete the developmental stages at their own pace.
Source: Turkish Down Syndrome Association
Inclusive education is required
People with intellectual disabilities have the right to participate and to be included. This is what we call ‘inclusiveness’. Like everyone else, people with Down syndrome have a right to information in a way that they can understand and share their ideas and experiences with. The perfection of these simple functions is related to the removal of all obstacles they encounter. Since 2006, 161 countries around the world have signed the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, adopting the criteria of “an inclusive education system at all levels and the provision of lifelong learning” listed in Article 24 (Education). People with education disabilities’. As a result of such changes in education law, it is becoming increasingly common for children with Down syndrome worldwide to participate in play-groups and social events with nurseries, kindergartens, and siblings and friends, which generally improve. Also, more young adults with Down syndrome are gaining the qualifications and experience to succeed in a variety of jobs.
They have unique talents
Inclusive education does not only benefit children with Down syndrome. This leads to greater understanding and less prejudice in society. Inclusive school children learn to be more tolerant and patient and to support each other. They learn to value diversity and to appreciate that everyone has something to add to school life. In general, children with Down syndrome develop slowly, reaching each stage of development later in life, and staying there longer than their peers. As a result, the gap between children with Down syndrome and their peers increases with age. The degree of delay varies according to the development area. The development and progress of children with Down syndrome will be as diverse as that of normally developing children, and each will have its own unique abilities. It is important to identify this particular learning profile so that children with Down syndrome can use the most appropriate strategies so that they can develop their knowledge, learn new skills and participate in school as effectively as possible. There are strengths and weaknesses to this profile.
Together with their colleagues
Most children with Down syndrome will benefit by attending school regularly with their developing peers. Studies show that children with Down syndrome who are placed in mainstream education do better, if not better, than children with similar abilities in special education schools. Regular opportunities for learning, communicating, and playing with their normally developing peers provide role models for children with Down syndrome that should encourage them to develop age-appropriate behaviors and maintain relationships.
Source: www. worlddownsyndromeday.org
Field of energy
Strong visual awareness and visual learning skills Signs, gestures and visual support Ability to learn and use Ability to learn and use written words Ability to learn from illustrated, concrete and practical materials Tendency to interact and socialize with others Structure and routine
Factor with learning
Hearing and visual impairment Delayed motor skills (fine and gross) Speech and language impairment Short-term and work memory impairment Short concentration Difficulty consolidating and retaining