Düzce University Hospital has organized training to raise awareness and raise public awareness about tuberculosis (TB) on the occasion of World Tuberculosis Day on 24 March.
The training was held at the D হলেzce University Faculty of Medicine Conference Hall. Dr. Öner Abidin Balbay informed the participants about the characteristics of tuberculosis, also known as tuberculosis in humans, its route of transmission, prevention, diagnosis and treatment.
Each year, about 1.5 million people die from TB
Tuberculosis, known since ancient times, is a source of inspiration for many branches of industry, said Professor. Dr. Balbe reports that about 10 million new TB cases occur worldwide each year, and about 1.5 million people die from TB. Explaining the disease as an infectious disease caused by the respiratory tract of tuberculosis germs, Balbe noted that it can affect all organs, usually the lungs. Referring to the fact that one-fourth of the world’s population is infected with TB bacillus, Öner Abidin Balbay said, “It is possible that 5-15 percent of those infected with TB bacillus will develop tuberculosis at some point in their lives.”
“Untreated tuberculosis can infect 5-15 people”
Tuberculosis germs can survive in the air for a long time in a sunless environment, said Professor. Dr. Balbe says that the ultraviolet rays from the sun also kill the TB germs in a short time. Balbe says the disease is transmitted by sneezing, coughing and breathing airborne germs while talking to those who have not been treated or who are not receiving regular treatment. An untreated tuberculosis patient infects about 5-15 people every year. For this reason, patients should cover their face with tissue when coughing and sneezing.
Provides information on the conditions for converting tuberculosis to disease, said Professor. Dr. Balbe, “Children under the age of 5, people infected with HIV, people receiving immunosuppressive treatment; Those with silicosis, diabetes, chronic kidney failure, leukemia, lymphoma or head and neck cancer, lung cancer, those who weigh less than 90 percent of their ideal body weight, those who smoke, those who are addicted to drugs or those who use it. Alcohol is in the risk group.
An expert should be consulted for a cough that lasts for three weeks.
Lasts more than 2 or 3 weeks; Cough, fever, night sweats, loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue, weakness, phlegm, blood sputum, shortness of breath, chest and back pain are mentioned as symptoms of the disease. Dr. Balbe has underlined that anyone with a cough that lasts for two to three weeks or more should apply to the nearest health facility.
At present, almost all tuberculosis patients can be successfully treated with the available drugs, said Professor. Dr. Balbe shared the information that the Ministry of Health in our country provides free TB drugs. Emphasizing on the regular use of drugs in the treatment of the disease, Professor. Dr. “If TB patients do not use their medication regularly and for a sufficient period of time (6-9 months), the TB germs may become resistant to the drug,” said Balbe. For this reason, Directly Observed Treatment (DOT), also recommended by the World Health Organization, has been implemented in our country since 2006. Through DGT, each dose of TB patients medication is given daily to a health worker or a trained volunteer patient and recorded.
“The most effective way is early diagnosis and successful treatment of TB patients”
Professor Dr. drawing attention to the importance of early diagnosis and successful treatment. Dr. Balbe added that the tuberculosis vaccine (BCG) protects infants who have completed their second month after birth in our country from tuberculosis. Frequently wash your hands with soap, stay away from smoking and eat regular and balanced food, said Professor. Dr. “To prevent the spread of the disease, TB patients must cover their face with a handkerchief or hand when sneezing or coughing,” said Balbe. Hands should be washed after coughing and sneezing. Tuberculosis patients should use the mask indoors or with other people during the infectious period. Her medication should be used regularly and thoroughly.