CHP leader Kamal KilikdarogluHis party was held last week The Right to Education for Second Century Workshops“4 + 4 + 4 should never continue.” He said the departure of the ruling party leader already required reflection and discussion on a number of issues, including the duration of compulsory education, age of education, level of education and restructuring of vocational education. Although it has not yet begun, we would like to be included in the discussion, including our recommendations on the age and duration of compulsory primary education and the restructuring of vocational education.
TurkeySchool start age in Turkey is 6 years and compulsory education is 12 years. Even if a child starting school at the age of 6 does not take a break, he only leaves school at the age of 18.
GermanyThe starting school age in Turkey is 6 years and the compulsory education period is 10 years (this period can be 13 years in high school which is called gymnasium where students are preparing for academic education.) A child who can start school at 6 years old is 16 years old Leave school when full.
FranceIn Turkey, starting school age is 6, compulsory education is 10 years (optionally, this period can be extended up to 12 years).
GreeceCompulsory education begins at age 6 and ends at age 15.
ItalySchool start age in Turkey is 6 years and compulsory education is 10 years. The age for leaving compulsory education is 18.
ChineseSchool start age in Turkey is 6 years and compulsory education is 9 years. A student may drop out of school at the age of 15.
RussiaDepending on the level of pre-school education, school start age in Turkey is 6-7 years and compulsory education is 9 years.
FinlandIn Turkey the starting school age is 7 years, the compulsory education period is 9 years (this period can be extended up to 10 years on demand.) A child who starts school at the age of 7 can leave school after finishing school at age 16
Bulgaria And RomaniaSchool start age in Turkey is 6 years and compulsory education is 10 years. School leaving age 18.
BritainSchool start age in Turkey is 5 years and compulsory education is 11 years. A child who starts school at the age of 5 drops out of compulsory education at the age of 16.
As you can see, Turkey is a country with the longest period of compulsory basic education and the highest age for dropping out. According to some estimates, school dropouts in Turkey are four times higher than the average (10 percent) in EU countries. The same skew is seen in the rate of schooling in the case of compulsory post-secondary education. Statistics show that early migration to Turkey, depending on age and duration, does not decrease with the extension of education: 40 percent of students enrolled in secondary education drop out before the end of their education period. Considering the enrollment rate in secondary education has remained at 87.95 per cent, the rate of completion of compulsory education has come down to 52 per cent in the last four years. When you include 1,580,764 open secondary and high school students (even if we count Imam Hatipus from the school), the proportion of compulsory education diploma recipients does not reach 50 percent.
Whereas developed countries have completed compulsory primary education at an average age of 10 years and education at the age of 16 years, Turkey has increased the duration of compulsory education to 12 years and the school leaving age to 18 years in order to convert compulsory primary education to compulsory religious education. . The decision, which included vocational education in compulsory education, was tantamount to lengthening the time for propagating Islam in the face of business demands. Although Westerners impart knowledge about the profession during compulsory education (preparation for the profession at one stage of compulsory education is not the same as providing education for the profession).
Compulsory basic education, theoretically, means education provided by the state to protect and strengthen its legal and political existence. The theoretical definition of compulsory education also takes into account the social needs of individuals and society. Realizing the specific goals of a class or group in compulsory basic education is contrary to the principle of “unity of education” which is designed to integrate individuals into society and make them aware of their rights and obligations as citizens. Of the state, which is the social representative. The basic education process means raising a staff for capital, and the determination of education and training according to religious principles means opening up special fields in general education.
The importance of vocational education for Turkey is clear, but vocational education is as important as its size. Ministry of EducationExternal considerations are required. Germany conducts training of one and a half million apprentices and vocational training students in collaboration with local government and business. The cost of vocational training there is borne by the traders. In Turkey, on the other hand, 2 million 400 thousand vocational secondary education students have to bear the cost of their curriculum, school and education. MEB Welcome businesses running a vocational school, let the costs be borne.
MEBIt is as clear as day that Turkey cannot / will not conduct vocational education and cannot meet the educational obligations provided by the constitution and law while devoting all its energies and resources to vocational education. Even the justifications raised in this article suggest that vocational education in Turkey must be conducted with an autonomous structure other than compulsory education. Moreover, Turkey also has a university problem: hundreds of passive physical structures, called universities, need to be converted into schools that provide vocational education at the associate, undergraduate and graduate levels. The solution to the university problem also depends on completing the compulsory education but also taking vocational education before the university. Only then can vocational schools be schools that contribute to the economy and students do not like to be forced.
Restructuring compulsory education in terms of duration and school age (10 years for compulsory primary education, 16 years for compulsory education) will also reduce the diversity of schools and should be considered as a way to get rid of test-based education. Once such a decision is made, it will not be as complicated as to determine the level, the change in levels, the type of schools in the second tier, and the subject matter of the course.*
Data sources: Eurostat, UNESCO, MoNE, OECD
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