- Yusuf Ozkan
- The Hague, Netherlands
In Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands, who reported to Anne Frank and her family, who had been taken prisoner by the Nazis and sent to a concentration camp in the house where they had been hiding during World War II, was exposed in most cases using artificial intelligence.
According to the work of an international team of 23 people who conducted research using modern technology for 6 years, Anne Frank and her family were reported by Arnold van den Berg, a leading notary in Amsterdam and a member of the Jewish Council.
It was one of the still unsolved mysteries of World War II, which revealed to Anne Frank and her family on August 4, 1944, the house they had hidden in the Prinsengracht district of Amsterdam.
How the Nazis reached Anne Frank and her family, who became one of the symbols of the Holocaust, is never known.
In 2017, on the advice of Dutch documentary filmmaker Thisus Baines, an international team was formed with 23 cold cases.
Using artificial intelligence and modern research techniques, the international team decided to explore 66 gigabytes of data, from interviews and diaries to archive directories and battle files.
Thanks to artificial intelligence, who was betrayed by the Frank family in 7 countries in 6 years was tested. 30 possible theories were listed, of which 28 were determined to be improbable.
Researchers have concluded that Arnold van den Berg, a member of the Jewish Council and a leading notary in Amsterdam, sent the addresses of hidden Jews to the Germans to ensure the safety of his own family.
Retired FBI detective Vince Pancock told the Dutch public broadcaster NOS that the results were 85 percent accurate.
Mention that since there is no DNA evidence or video footage in such old cases, it is always necessary to rely on circumstantial evidence. “Still, the probability of our theory is at least 85%. We don’t have a smoking gun, but we do have a hot gun with an empty bullet next to it.”
One reason the researchers thought so was that Van den Berg had never been to a concentration camp.
According to investigators, van den Berg did everything in his power to save himself and his family, and his deportation was temporarily halted. Van den Berg successfully argued that he was not Jewish. Meanwhile, he arranged a hiding place for his daughters.
Despite all the warnings, Van den Berg got stuck in 1944. The suspension certificate has expired so that he is not sent to the concentration camp. During this time, Van den Berg gave the Nazis the address of the Jews in hiding.
According to the study, the Jewish Council compiled a list of addresses of people in hiding to prove to the Germans that they had cooperated well.
Probably the address Prinsengracht 263, where the Franks were hiding, was also on the list, and van den Berg, a prominent member of the Jewish council, received the address file.
Another thing that confirmed to the research team was an anonymous note given to Otto Frank shortly after the war.
A note found in the police officer’s family archive states, “A. van den Berg, who was then living near Vandelpark, O. Nasoulan, reported your hiding place in Amsterdam to the Jewish immigration office in Uterpastret, Amsterdam.”
Father Otto Frank, the only member of the Frank family who survived a Nazi concentration camp, discovered the existence of the note only in 1964 during a second investigation into the betrayal.
“We were betrayed by the Jews,” Otto Frank told Friso Endot of the Parul newspaper at the time.
According to researchers, Otto Frank has avoided blaming Van Dan Berg for fear of anti-Semitic attacks.
Van den Berg died of throat cancer in 1950. Also, Otto Frank knew that Van den Berg had children. He did not want to harm his children by revealing his name after his death.
The research team does not want to give a verdict after 77 years of van den Berg. They express it in these words:
“The only bad guy in this case was the Nazis. Nothing would have happened without them. If you blame Van Danberg, you must first ask yourself how far you can go to save the lives of those you love.”
Anne Frank and her family were captured by the Nazis on August 4, 1944, and sent to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.
Frank died of typhus in February 1945 at the age of 15 in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
The diary he kept in hiding was posthumously published and became one of the most read books in the world.
The diaries became a symbol of the systematic persecution and genocide of 6 million Jews during World War II.
Father Otto Frank, the only member of the family who survived the concentration camp, died in 1980.