The incidence of colon cancer in Turkey has dropped from 50 to 25-49 years of age. Dr. Daniel Khabbazazar said, “Therefore, young people should not think ‘I am young, I will not get cancer’ if they have complaints like rectal bleeding or abdominal pain. If you experience these symptoms, we recommend that you be examined by a specialist. Noting that ‘changing bowel habits’ is an important symptom in colon cancer, Khabbazar said, “Care needs to be taken, especially in the case of blood in the stool. This bleeding can sometimes be confused with a benign disease of the breech region (hemorrhoids or breech tears). In this case, the patient should be seen by a general surgeon. In addition, if there is anemia without any reason, the patient should be evaluated in this regard. This is also important if you have persistent fatigue and weakness because many of these conditions are caused by anemia. It needs to be evaluated, ”he said.
The importance of colonoscopy
Referring to secret blood tests for feces over the age of 50 at KETEM and family health centers in Turkey, Khabbazazar said:
“If secret blood is found, the patient should be sent to a higher center and a colonoscopy should be done. In people between the ages of 50 and 70, men and women should have secret blood tests every 2 years without any symptoms. Even if these people have no symptoms, they should have a colonoscopy every 10 years. What is the significance of this colonoscopy? In this method, we can diagnose polyps in the large intestine. Because these polyps can turn into cancer in a few years. Through the colonoscopy method, we can remove these polyps from there and prevent them completely. This is the most important aspect of a colonoscopy scan. In this way, we can identify a polyp and potential cancer in the future. The incidence of this type of cancer is increasing in Turkey, especially among men aged 25-49. Therefore, young people should not think, “I am young, I will not have cancer,” if they have bleeding from the rectum and complaints like abdominal pain. He must be tested. “
What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
Swelling, lower abdominal pain and bleeding in the stool are the first symptoms of cancer, Khabbazar said.
“Advanced symptoms usually indicate mass and bowel obstruction in the test. If the patient feels abdominal mass, it means the cancer has reached an advanced stage. The first symptom is a change in our bowel habits. Diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, not being completely empty after using the toilet Feeling is the first symptom. Colon cancer is the third most common cancer among both men and women in Turkey. However, the number of new cases among men aged 25-49 has been increasing recently. “In Turkey, 36 percent of cases are advanced. Unfortunately, during this time, treatment becomes more difficult and patients usually need treatment such as chemotherapy. Lifestyle changes, increased consumption of Turkish-made foods and processed foods lead to the growth of this type of cancer.”
What are the risk factors for colon cancer?
Providing information on the risk factors for the disease, Khabarbazar said, “Obesity is one of the most important risk factors. It is more common in people whose physical life is limited, that is, who do not play sports and are not active. This is because constipation is more common in inactive people. In these people, colon cells are exposed to certain carcinogens in food for a long time. It is more common in people who do not drink enough water and use red meat instead of fresh fruits and vegetables. Also, prepared, processed foods or red meat cause a risk. We can reduce this risk by giving preference to white meat over red meat. Alcohol and smoking are important risk factors. Another risk factor is advanced age. Colon cancer is more common in people over 50 years of age. Similarly in Turkey. Family factors are also among the risk factors.