Unhealthy eating habits can have an adverse effect on the health of children in particular. Many kidney problems are found in children with congenital kidney disease, according to the Anadolu Medical Center Pediatric Nephrology Specialists Association. Dr. Neşe Karaaslan Bıyıklı said, “Children’s eating and drinking habits can invite many kidney diseases. Frequent consumption of readymade drinks and packaged foods, delay in urination and drinking less water during the day can have adverse effects on kidney health. Healthy eating is very important for kidney health.
Noting that urinary tract infections, kidney stones and congenital kidney disease are seen in all ages, Dr. Anadolu Medical Center Pediatric Nephrology Association Dr. Neşe Karaaslan Bıyikli says, “Especially if urinary tract infections are treated late or inadequately, if it recurs and causes inflammation in the kidneys, it can lead to extremely dangerous situations. Inflammation that damages the kidneys can lead to high blood pressure, kidney failure, growth retardation, anemia, albuminuria during pregnancy, and toxicity during advanced age. Obesity and diabetes can lead to increased protein in children, impaired kidney function due to high blood pressure, and can lead to kidney stones.
Children with chronic kidney disease should be followed closely.
Recall that kidney failure occurs when the kidneys lose the ability to filter toxins into the blood, and if the condition persists and continues to worsen for more than three months, it is defined as chronic kidney disease, according to the Pediatric Nephrology Specialists Association. Dr. Neşe Karaaslan Bıyikli says, “The frequency of this condition, which is seen in children as well as adults, has been reported in 4 out of 3079 people aged 5-12 years in Turkey, according to the Credit-C survey. Among the causes of kidney problems in children; We can count congenital kidney disease (such as vesicoretral reflux, urinary canal structure, urinary canal width, single kidney, connected kidney, bladder disease), cystic kidney disease, kidney damage, inflammatory conditions, kidney stones, and family history of disease. .
Emphasizing that children with chronic kidney disease should be followed regularly, Assoc. Dr. Neşe Karaaslan Bıyıklı said, “During this follow-up, growth, blood pressure, urinalysis and urine protein levels, blood tests and kidney function, mineral balance, anemia, vitamin levels should be evaluated and medication should be applied. Dialysis treatment or kidney transplant treatment is required when kidney function is at an end stage, the amount of urine is too low or not urinating at all, when malnutrition occurs and disorders affecting the heart and other organs occur.
Nutritional choice is important during the first meal
The Anadolu Health Center Pediatric Nephrology Association, emphasizing that healthy eating habits begin in childhood. Dr. Neşe Karaaslan Bıyıklı says, “Parents should take care to eat normal, seasonal foods when they introduce their children to complementary foods for the first time. Parents should not forget that they set an example for their children with their food choices. It would be unrealistic to expect a parent whose child does not eat vegetables or drinks potable foods, “he said. Here is the advice of Assoc.
- Keep your kids away from processed and salty foods as much as possible. Take care to eat fruits, vegetables and dairy foods with balanced protein, fat and carbohydrate content, limited to salt, sugar and processed foods. Do not introduce salt and sugar to your children in the first 1 year and 3 years.
- Winter fruits such as oranges, tangerines, pomegranates, which are low in sugar and summer foods such as cucumbers and strawberries can be given 1-2 times a day as baby snacks. Almonds (not fried), dried fruit, fruit pulp, cheddar cheese, ice cream, tahini-molasses, homemade cakes can also be eaten with attention to portion. Products such as chocolate, wafers and ready-made ice cream may be offered in small portions, but not more than once a week.
- Eat salad and yogurt with meals and encourage eating fruits, raw vegetables, nuts and dried fruits and milk between meals. Avoid fast snacks and don’t let your kids eat in front of the TV or computer.
- Help them to drink enough water during the day. Although it varies with age, 1-1.5 liters of water should be consumed daily.
- Explain that delaying urination is not helpful. It is ideal to go to the toilet an average of 6 times a day at 3 hour intervals.
- Do not use painkillers, antipyretics, antibiotics or other medicines / herbal products without consulting a doctor.
- Ask them to do physical activity at least 3 days a week. You can go for a walk as a family and help your kids engage in their favorite sport at an early age.