Fix your youth with collagen – Dr. Demet Erciyes

Collagen comes from the Greek word colla, meaning sticky binder. The first characteristic of collagen that comes to mind is that it makes our skin look taut and youthful. However, collagen is found in our body as well as skin, joints, bones, muscles, cornea, veins, nails, hair and teeth. It is an important protein that makes up the skeletal structure of the body. In fact, you might think of collagen as a powerful adhesive that holds tissues together and provides support.

Structure of collagen

Collagen is produced by fibroblasts, the main cells of connective tissue in our body. It is composed mainly of amino acids such as glycine, proline and hydroxypropylene. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. These amino acids are the building blocks that make the parts of the body where collagen is present, especially muscles and tendons, hair, skin and bones strong and supple. Adequate amounts of collagen help make your skin look fresh and youthful, your pores supple, your hair shiny and resistant to breakage, and your nails, bones and joints healthy and strong. There are different types of collagen, of which the most common first 4 types have different properties depending on their location.

Type 1 collagen

It is the most abundant amount of collagen in the body. It is the most common type found in connective tissue. It is found in tendons and skin, protects the skin, provides its elasticity and enables easy healing of wounds.

Type 2 collagen

It is effective in cartilage formation. So it is very beneficial for joint health. It is effective in treating joint pain. This type of collagen is also found in the formation of discs in the bones called vertebrae that make up our spine.

Type 3 collagen

It consists of the main components of the extracellular matrix, which make up the organs and skin. It is effective in maintaining skin tightness and elasticity like type 1 collagen. It supports the formation of organs, muscles and arteries. This type of collagen, which is also important for vascular health, gives the vessels elasticity.

Type 4 collagen

It forms the surfaces of digestion and respiration. Type 4 collagen, located deep in the skin, is effective in forming basement membranes around organs.

Causes of collagen depletion


The amount of collagen in the body decreases with age. Its production decreases. Collagen decreases by about 1% per year after the age of thirty. Thus the inevitable signs of aging appear. We observe it most clearly from the outside as we wrinkle and wrinkle the skin.


Tobacco use and cigarettes, which are the most consumed among them, are also the primary cause of skin aging. It reduces collagen and accelerates aging.


Stress accelerates aging by pressing cells as well as the whole body. Stress disturbs the hormonal balance. It increases the production of stress hormone cortisol in the body. All of these changes lead to a decrease in collagen production.


Insomnia also reduces collagen production. During sleep our body performs most of its detox. Sleep disturbances cause stress and hormonal imbalances. It negatively affects metabolism.

The sun

Sun exposure is one of the most important factors in reducing the collagen and even directly increasing the age of the skin. So you have to protect your skin from the sun and be careful not to come in contact with the sun for a long time.


By malnutrition I mean packaged foods that contain large amounts of additives, processed meats, high carbohydrate foods, white flour, sugar and junk foods. These foods, which harm rather than benefit us, prevent the body from using collagen and suppress its production.

To gain collagen

I mentioned that the production of collagen in the body has decreased over the years. Of course, there is another feature that we cannot resist, such as stress. We must be careful to avoid factors that reduce it so that the body can produce collagen. We will try to protect ourselves from the sun and sleep well. We eat healthy. We will support collagen production, take in plenty of vitamin C, fruits and vegetables. Also, we eat sulfur-containing onions, garlic, leeks, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts. We will cook meat with bones.

Collagen supplement

Collagen does not accumulate in the body. For this reason, studies have shown that the daily amount of collagen should be 8000-10,000 mg. For easy absorption and maximum benefit from the gastrointestinal tract, water-soluble or liquid forms are recommended as chassis.

Must be required

Taking collagen-containing products, especially anti-aging quercetin, isocarcetin, selenium, vitamin E, vitamin C, coenzyme Q10, antioxidant substances such as grape seed extract, essential skin substances such as hyaluronic acid, elastin and other vitamins. Much more. Collagen-containing products are recommended to be used for many years in the form of a cure for at least 3-6 months instead of short-term use.

There are many scientific studies on the positive effects of oral collagen on the skin. At the end of this study, there was a visible improvement in the skin, including the collagen supplement. When pressure, called viscoelasticity, is applied to the skin, its recovery, water retention capacity, moisture content, density, and thickness of the deep layer increase, and all these effects result in visible improvement in wrinkles and sagging. This state of recovery has also been proven by histopathological examination and radiological imaging at the cellular level. Scientific research on this subject is still in full swing in the laboratory of the University of Health Sciences. I congratulate my fellow scientists who have done commendable work in local and national collagen production and support their efforts in this regard.

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