In the spring, we call the flower dust, which is the air circulation of pollen increases. Dr. Ainur Kaya says the complaints that develop during this period in people with pollen allergies are defined as spring allergies or hay fever.
Most of the pollen is found in the air that we breathe between spring and autumn and it travels many kilometers through the air, said Professor. Dr. Kaya warned of spring allergies.
Professor Dr. Kaya says pollen allergies, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma symptoms are caused by the entry of pollen into our bodies through our breathing.
May occur in April, May, June
If you have allergies in the spring, said Professor. Dr. “As a result of global warming, pollen of different densities is trapped in the atmosphere throughout the year,” he said. Pollen from grass, trees and grass causes allergies. Pollen, also known as pollen, is a protein-forming substance that mediates the reproduction of flowering plants. Pollen grains are too small to be seen with the naked eye, and a single pollen dust can contain thousands of pollen grains. The most common are grassland pollen susceptibility and related allergic rhinitis. Depending on the vegetation of the region, April, May and June are the hottest months. Pollen counts are low on cold rainy days and in hot and dry weather especially early in the day.
Running and itching may be visible
The development of pollen allergies as a result of inhalation of pollen into the body is associated with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma symptoms, he said. Dr. Keya shared the following information about the symptoms of allergies in the spring: “Allergic rhinitis is always accompanied by a cold. Symptoms include sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, nose, ears and throat, watery eyes, stinging, burning, swelling and redness. Increased risk of sinusitis, nasal polyps, otitis and asthma. Allergens reach the bronchi as small dust particles and cause asthma. During this time, patients complain to the doctor about complaints of cough, shortness of breath, shortness of breath and chest congestion.
Note that 40 percent of people with pollen allergies may develop sensitivity to allergens in some fresh vegetables and fruits. Dr. “These people have been described as having itchy faces, swollen tongues and lips and a tight feeling in their throats,” Kaya said. This pattern, known as pollen nutrition syndrome, is the result of a combination of food pollen and allergens. Rarely, it can cause anaphylaxis, i.e. allergic shock. For this reason, since it is known that pollen can pass through foods depending on the type of allergy, this table should be examined and determined by an allergist. Among people with pollen allergies, allergic skin diseases such as fungus and eczema can also lead to asthma and rhinitis.
Skin prick test helps in diagnosis
Detailed history is very important in the diagnosis of pollen allergy, said Professor. Dr. Keya says: “In order to support the diagnosis, pre-examination of the skin and specific serum IgE levels may be determined. Medication treatment according to the symptoms and dosage of the disease is very important in conjunction with allergen protection treatment. In addition to symptomatic treatment, This treatment, also known as an allergy vaccine, is administered in the form of a sublingual tablet or a vaccine in the arm, especially if the severity of the allergic reaction results in poor school performance, or if there is confusion due to persistent cold or cough. If the quality of life is poor, if the symptoms recur every year, the vaccine is a very good treatment.
Allergy vaccines should not be ignored
Emphasis that spring allergies in children are the same as in adults, but especially nasal congestion and difficulty breathing can affect their class and test success. Dr. “It can reduce the appetite of children as they grow older,” she said. For these reasons, the condition of children is different. That’s why we recommend the allergy vaccine. “
Long sleeves can be worn
Pollen allergy patients should plan their outdoor activities in the spring, said Professor. Dr. “They need to reduce their activity, especially in the morning when the pollen is high, and in dry and windy weather,” said Keya. Wearing glasses, masks and especially long sleeves and ankles reduces contact. Also, when you come home, these clothes should be changed and bathed. Air conditioners with pollen filters should be used at home and in the car.
The symptoms are very different from COVID-19
Adding to his words is how he can differentiate between the symptoms of Kovid-19 in children and the symptoms of spring allergies. Dr. “We all know the symptoms of Covid-19 now,” Kaya said. Covid-19 is an acute infection and fever. Instead of itching, it progresses to burning and congestion in the throat and nose. Spring allergies, on the other hand, are characterized by itching of the nose and eyes, nasal congestion, which we call allergy remedies, and it lasts longer each year. Therefore, we can understand the difference very clearly. “