It is said that the air circulation of pollen, which we call flower dust, increases in spring, Professor of Pediatric Immunology and Allergy. Dr. Ainur KayaComplaints that develop during this period in people with pollen allergies are defined as spring allergies or hay fever, he said.
Most of the pollen is found in the air that we breathe between spring and autumn and it travels many kilometers through the air, said Professor. Dr. Ainur Kaya warned about spring allergies.
Professor Dr. Ainur Kaya says that we encounter symptoms of pollen allergy, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma which develop when pollen enters our body through inhalation.
May occur in April, May, June
If you have allergies in the spring, said Professor. Dr. Ainur Kaya, “With global warming, different concentrations of pollen are detected in the atmosphere throughout the year. Pollen from grass, trees and grass causes allergies. Pollen, also known as pollen, is a protein-forming substance that mediates the reproduction of flowering plants. Pollen grains are too small to be seen with the naked eye, and a single pollen dust can contain thousands of pollen grains. The most common are grassland pollen susceptibility and related allergic rhinitis. Depending on the vegetation of the region, April, May and June are the hottest months. Pollen counts are low on cold rainy days and high in hot and dry weather, especially early in the day.“He said.
Running and itching may be visible
Allergic pollen allergies that occur when inhaled pollen are associated with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma symptoms. Professor Dr. Ainur Kaya shared the following information about the symptoms of spring allergy:
“In allergic rhinitis, there is an incessant cold. Symptoms include sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, nose, ears and throat, watery eyes, stinging, burning, swelling and redness. Increased risk of sinusitis, nasal polyps, otitis and asthma. Allergens reach the bronchi as small dust particles and cause asthma. During this time, patients complain to the doctor about complaints of cough, shortness of breath, shortness of breath and chest congestion.
Note that 40 percent of people with pollen allergies may develop sensitivity to allergens in some fresh vegetables and fruits. Dr. Ainur Kaya, “These people describe itching in the mouth, swelling of the tongue and lips, and a feeling of stiffness in the throat. This picture, known as Pollen Nutrition Syndrome, is the result of a combination of food pollen and allergens. Rarely, it can cause anaphylaxis, i.e. allergic shock. For this reason, since it is known that pollen can pass through foods depending on the type of allergy, this table should be examined and determined by an allergist. Allergic skin diseases such as fungal and eczema pollen can occur in people with allergies, including asthma and rhinitis.“He said.
Skin prick test helps in diagnosis
Detailed history is very important in the diagnosis of pollen allergy, said Professor. Dr. Ainur Kaya says:
Skin prick tests and specific serum IgE levels may be prescribed to support the diagnosis. Medication treatment according to the symptoms and dosage of the disease is very important in conjunction with allergen protection treatment. In addition to the symptomatic treatment, allergen-specific immunotherapy may be performed to get rid of the allergen completely. This treatment, also known as allergy vaccination, is administered in the form of a sublingual tablet or a vaccine in the arm. In particular, if the severity of the allergy picture results in poor school performance in children, or if there is confusion due to persistent colds and coughs, if the quality of life is poor, if the symptoms recur every year, then the vaccine is a good treatment option to end allergies.
Allergy vaccines should not be ignored
Emphasis that spring allergies in children are the same as in adults, but especially nasal congestion and difficulty breathing can affect their class and test success. Dr. Ainur Kaya, “It can reduce appetite in children as they grow and develop. For this reason, the condition of children is different. So we recommend allergy shotsSaid
Long sleeves can be worn
Pollen allergy patients should plan their outdoor activities in the spring, said Professor. Dr. Ainur Kaya, “Their activity should be reduced, especially in the morning when the pollen is high, and in dry and windy weather it reduces. Wearing glasses, masks and especially long sleeves and ankles reduces contact. Also, when you come home, these clothes should be changed and bathed. Air conditioners with pollen filters should be used at home and in the car.“It simply came to our notice then.
The symptoms are very different from COVID-19
Adding to his words is how he can differentiate between the symptoms of Kovid-19 in children and the symptoms of spring allergies. Dr. Ainur Kaya, “We all know the symptoms of Covid-19 now. Covid-19 is an acute infection and fever. Instead of itching, it progresses to burning and congestion in the throat and nose. Spring allergies, on the other hand, are characterized by itchy eyes and runny nose, which we call allergy remedies and last longer each year. So we can understand the difference very clearlyHe finished his speech.