The National Lung Health Congress (UASK 2022) was organized by the Association of Lung Health and Intensive Care (ASYOD) in Antalya Belle, with the participation of many thoracic and thoracic surgeons from Turkey and around the world. Current information about chest diseases, new diagnostic and treatment methods, interesting cases encountered and clinical problems faced by field physicians were discussed in Congress. Participating in the Congress, University of Health Sciences İzmir Suat Seren Chest Disease and Surgery Training and Research Hospital Chest Disease Specialists Association. Dr. Gulistan Karadeniz reports that Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a disease characterized by chronic respiratory symptoms and airway obstruction, which leads to destruction of the airways and lungs, especially after exposure to harmful gases and particles.
The third leading cause of death in the world
Noting that COPD is a leading cause of illness and mortality worldwide, Karadeniz said: “According to 2020 data, it is the third leading cause of death in the world after cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Early diagnosis is very important. With early diagnosis, it can contribute to controlling the symptoms of the disease, improving the quality of life of the patients, reducing the severity and slowing down the progression of the disease. In COPD we see the most common symptoms; Chronic shortness of breath, cough, phlegm. Patients evaluate these complaints due to smoking or old age and do not apply to the hospital in the early period. Whenever they have flares up, they come to the hospital. “ He said. Karadeniz recommends that people over the age of 40 who have been smoking a pack of cigarettes a day or more for 10 years, who have symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath and limited effort for more than 2-3 months, should apply. X-rays of a thoracic branch and a chest and respiratory function are examined.
Emphasizing the diagnosis confirmed by pulmonary function tests, Karadeniz said, “Although the incidence varies according to research, it is seen in 5 to 10 percent of people over the age of 40, mostly in 10-12 percent. In particular, COPD is seen in one in 10 people over the age of 40. If a COPD patient continues to smoke, his disease progresses rapidly. Our recommendation to patients is to quit smoking first and stop their contact with dust and fumes, if any. Occupational exposure to female patients in rural areas or other risk factors for burning tandoori. Although our patients sometimes say ‘I’ve never smoked’, passive exposures also need to be controlled. In addition to quitting smoking, we recommend that they get vaccinated. It is important to get the flu and pneumonia, whooping cough and covid vaccines every year. ” Speaking about the treatment, Gulistan Karadeniz said that respiratory failure may develop at an advanced stage of COPD and patients may need to use a pressure respirator with long-term oxygen therapy at home in the future.
Growing growth and its lethal effects
Caradenez said that the prevalence of COPD has increased, especially due to increased exposure to smoking and global aging, and that mortality has decreased in many diseases, such as cerebrovascular, cardiovascular, infectious and oncological diseases. The rate of COPD gradually increases. “In fact, in previous years the Mortality Rate was the fifth leading cause of death in the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines, which was stated to be the fourth and third leading cause of death year after year. Unfortunately, this is a disease with an increasing incidence and mortality. I advise our smokers to quit smoking. If those who have been smoking one pack of cigarettes a day or more for 10 years have complaints such as chronic shortness of breath, cough, spitting and restriction of effort, I recommend that they apply to a chest doctor. He said.