At what age should pre-school education begin?

Experts, who say that the quality of pre-school education plays an important role in contributing to the development of the child, stressed that 3 years of age is ideal for starting pre-school education in terms of development. Experts point out that there is a positive difference between those who attend pre-school and those who do not. Before starting compulsory education in our country, at least one year of education of the child should be included in the pre-school education opportunities. Dr. Nurper Ülküer noted that according to the 2023 education vision and strategy, the age of 5 years will be included in the compulsory education system.

Uskudar University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Professor of Child Development. Dr. Nurper Ülküer touches on the importance of pre-school education in child development.

Rich stimuli in the environment affect the learning process

Mention that “education” is one of the most obvious outcomes of developmental processes, a process that begins with birth and continues throughout life. Dr. Nurper lküer continued:

“Education is a bio-nervous and psycho-social process. In addition to physical growth and maturation, the rich stimuli provided by the child’s environment form the structure of the child’s brain and affect all developmental processes, especially learning. According to neuroscience research on brain development, games enriched by various objects, colorful toys, dialogues and books that children experience with adults who trust them, especially in the first years of life, ensure that the neural connections to the brain are enriched and strengthened. This is the basis of learning. That is, learning is not the only result of biological growth and maturation. At the same time, it is a developmental process that is achieved through positive and rich interactions with the adults around the child, such as parents, carers, teachers, siblings and friends.

The first 3 years are an important time for language development.

Noting that brain development studies reveal critical periods of brain development for children’s learning, Uluquier said, “During this critical period, children’s developmental processes in those areas are accelerated and they are more open to external stimuli. For example, critical time for language development. Hall says the first 3 years, after which the brain begins to lose its flexibility in this area, again, the first 3 years are an important critical period for emotion control.

Communication with adults is effective in emotional control

Emphasizing that the learning of emotion control has taken place much earlier than expected, Ulcuar said, “It is the child’s interaction and positive interaction with adults that forms this developmental process. An environment where the adults around her can understand her feelings and respond positively is important for the child’s emotional control. It is important for pre-school development experts and teachers, especially parents and primary caregivers, to pay close attention to raising happy children who are at peace with themselves and their environment, “she said.

The game promotes brain development and learning

Revealed that the game is a tool for learning, Professor. Dr. Nurper Ülküer said, “Children learn through play. The child combines the processes of physical and mental development through play, explaining to his brain the stimuli received from his environment, creating new structures and giving meaning to the events around him. The game is a tool that enables the development and learning of the child’s brain in all areas from language development to mathematical perception, from space-space relationships to friendships. For this reason, play and learning should always be managed together. Pre-school education is an important, institutional learning process where children continue their developmental process that begins at home, in an integrated approach to sports and learning, which takes place outside the family, but through solidarity and cooperation with the family and prepares them for formal education. . “Said

Pre-school education should start at the age of 3

Professor Dr. Nurper Ülküer, ‘A pre-school education that is rich in stimulants, has a play-based learning environment, can communicate meaningfully with the child, observe and evaluate its development process and provide the necessary play-based learning environment. There is an important role to play in maximizing the chances of having a child, ”he said and continued:

“The quality of pre-school education plays an important role in contributing to a child’s development. If we start with the fact that children learn from birth, we can say that it should start very early. Parents are working, the home environment is not conducive enough for the child to develop after some time and considering the need for socialization with their peers, it would be beneficial to have an early age of corporate preschool. Educational activities outside the family at the age of 3 years. Also, it is important for the development of the child that the children of the family with limited social and economic conditions continue the pre-school program from an early age, where their home environment may not provide enough stimulation. Studies show that there is a positive difference between those who attend preschool and those who do not.

5 year olds will be included in the compulsory education system

Before starting compulsory education in our country, at least one year of education of the child should be included in the pre-school education opportunities. Dr. Nurper Ülküer said: “Although it is not yet mandatory, the school enrollment rate for five-year-olds has reached 65 per cent across the country. According to the 2023 Education Vision and Strategy, 5 year olds will be included in the compulsory education system. This rate is much lower for 3-4 year olds. Considering that this varies by region and the weaker groups have not yet benefited from pre-school education at the desired rate, the pre-school enrollment rate in our country is still not quantitatively at the desired level. The preparation of qualified pre-school education activities is also a matter of discussion, “he said.

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