European University of Lefke (EUL) Lecturer in the Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation. Feet Beraat Alptuğ shared important information about sarcopenia (muscle loss) and aging.
“From the age of 30, we all gradually begin to lose muscle mass and strength. With increasing age, the body’s functioning is affected to varying degrees. Muscle wasting in adults, also known as sarcopenia, is one of the most important and most common of these processes. A. It usually occurs rapidly around the age of 75 and is a serious condition that can significantly affect a person’s quality of life.
In addition to sarcopenia, physical disability, low quality of life,
- Increased risk of losing balance, falling and breaking
- The need to stay in the hospital and increase the duration
- Complications increase after surgery
- It also increases the risk of other health problems such as death.
Although sarcopenia is common (approximately 10-20% of older adults have sarcopenia), many people are not diagnosed or treated for the condition.
Symptoms of sarcopenia may include:
- Equilibrium disorder, collapse
- Muscle weakness and weakness
- Slow walking speed
- Difficulty climbing stairs
- Significant muscle damage
- Difficulty performing normal daily activities
A healthcare professional should be consulted if you or your loved one experiences these symptoms. The important thing in the treatment of sarcopenia is to control its severity. Therefore, behavioral change is the primary treatment. Clinical interventions focused on exercise and nutrition.
Is it possible to protect against sarcopenia?
It is important to take precautions before diseases and disabilities occur. According to research, it is important to maintain physical activity to prevent sarcopenia. All adults should be advised to lead an active lifestyle that includes at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity per week.
Increases the positive effects of physical activity and regular and balanced nutrition. However, older people are at risk for vitamin D deficiency, and vitamin D therapy may be recommended to prevent effective loss and reduce the risk of fighting sarcopenia in older people with low vitamin D levels.
Is physiotherapy important in sarcopenia?
The most effective treatment for sarcopenia is exercise. A proper exercise program prepared by a physiotherapist can help prevent sarcopenia and start a program customized just for you. The content of the program consists of muscle strengthening, endurance and resistance exercises. When done regularly and correctly, it can help in the development of nervous system and hormones. It can improve the ability of an adult to convert protein into energy within two weeks. Appropriate number, intensity and frequency of prevention exercises are important to get the most benefit with minimal risk of injury. You should work with an experienced physical therapist to create an exercise plan.
Effects of exercise;
- The progression of muscle loss can be prevented through preventive training aimed at improving muscle strength and endurance. Sarcopenia can be significantly treated with a physiotherapist if a regular exercise program is followed. Also, physical exercises such as strength training, aerobics, walking and hydrotherapy can be used to treat sarcopenia.
- It is especially important for adults to participate in muscle strengthening activities at least twice a week. During this activity, all muscle groups including legs, arms, chest, shoulders, abdomen and back should be used.
- Sarcopenia can be controlled through aerobic and endurance training. Sarcopenia can be prevented and reversed by aerobic exercise including prevention training. Thus, it helps to increase low muscle mass and strengthen existing muscles.
Alptuğ concludes his speech as follows; If you think you are losing strength or muscle mass due to sarcopenia, injury or any other health problem, you can consult a physical therapist to improve your mobility and ability and lead a quality life. “