MEB report: 35% of Syrian children cannot go to school Turkey | DW

A report prepared by the Ministry of National Education (MEB) states that about one-third of school-age Syrian children in Turkey do not attend school. According to the report, only 75 percent of the 124,000 Syrian children of school-going age, or 830,000, go to school, while 35 percent do not. The number of Syrian children who could not go to school was recorded at 393,546.

According to the 2022 data of the Department of Immigration Management, about 5 million 13 thousand 631 foreign nationals live in Turkey. Of this population, 3 million 754 thousand 591 are Syrians under temporary protection.

The Department of Immigration and Education in Emergency, affiliated with the General Directorate of Lifelong Learning of the Ministry of National Education, has prepared a report on foreign students in Turkey in January 2022.

The report shows that about one-third of school-age Syrian children are out of school. In the report, this situation was summarized as follows:

“According to the Immigration Administration’s 2021-2022 data, the population under temporary protection is one million 124,353 (5-17 years old). As of January 2022, the education-age population included 730,806. Education and students were enrolled in schools. The process continues. ”

393,000 Syrian children do not go to school

According to the report, the school enrollment rate among Syrian children is 65 percent, but the rate of out-of-school children is 35 percent, meaning that 393,546 children cannot go to school. Among the students who went to school were 359,735 (49.33 per cent) girls and 371,071 (50.77 per cent) boys.

Although the literacy rate in primary and secondary schools has increased, the literacy rate in pre-school and high schools has come down below 50 percent. According to the report, out of 417,546 Syrian children of primary school age, 85.13 percent or 313,795 are in primary school.

Of the 335,952 secondary school children, 80 per cent or 268,752 are receiving education. Out of 252,772 high school students, only 107,812 go to school. The high school enrollment rate remained at 42.65 percent.

The enrollment rate of 117,063 children who have reached pre-school age is only 34.34 percent. In other words, 40 thousand 548 children see the face of the school.

Distribution by gender, excluding high school; Boys outnumber girls in pre-school, primary school and secondary school. The situation is different at the high school level. Of the Syrian children in high school, 56,130 are girls and 51,682 are boys

Most of the Syrian students are in Istanbul

The report also shared information from the province with the largest number of Syrian students. Accordingly, Istanbul ranks first with 118,391 students. Gaziantep with 97,861 students and Gaziantep with 71,543 students.

Why can’t Syrian children go to school?

The report does not cite its references or sources. The reasons for the low school enrollment rate for Syrian children are listed in the report as follows:

– Syria’s education system is 6 + 3 + 3 and high school education is not compulsory.

– Children prefer to contribute to the family budget after secondary school education due to economic inadequacy.

– In some provinces, school enrollment resistance has been observed due to concerns of immigrant families in third countries.

– Language barrier.

– Stay out of school for a long time.

– Traditional structure and related behavior of the Syrian family.

ERF Researcher: Economic problems affect education

Evaluating the report, Education Reform Initiative (ERG) researcher Kaihan Nedim Kesbich noted that children who do not attend school are more likely to concentrate at the pre-school and high school levels. “When we get to the high school level, we see that children are out of school and the most important reason is economic hardship. A significant part of that is. Syrian children are working. They have Citing data from the Turkish Population Health Survey, Kaihan Kesbik said, “According to him, 45 percent of children between the ages of 15 and 17 work in income-generating jobs. It actually explains why girls go to school more? Boys at the high school level. “

Explaining that the difficulties encountered during registration also hinder education, Kesbik said, “There is a compelling situation in the province where the refugees live. Government services are limited in other provinces. Such factors also hinder it.”

‘Negative statement negatively affects’

Kaihan Kesbik says that exclusion of children from education affects the adaptation process of Syrian children in Turkey and that working at a young age affects their future. Kesbic evaluated the following:

“On the other hand, there is an exclusive narrative about Syrians in Turkey. It actually directly affects Syrians both in the school environment and in other environments. How can we make the school environment more inclusive here? For example, what can be done to make children feel more comfortable in school environment? It should be considered. “For example, the language problem is very important. There are social integration classes. It is a system that starts from 3rd grade to improve children’s language. Skills. However, in this case, the children also study in different classes. It actually sets them apart from their peers and prevents them from adapting. “

‘An overall policy must be formulated’

“Increasing the economic capacity of Syrians can solve this problem. What we see in terms of social cohesion is that Syrians are always called one, they are always oppressed and they need help,” Kesbich said. “Syrian children are good role models in shaping their future. It is important to keep in mind that they are not a single group,” he said.

Kesbik added that compulsory pre-school education and the expansion of vocational high school into high school would affect problem solving.

The school enrollment rate among all foreigners is 6 percent

According to the report of the Ministry of National Education, the school enrollment rate of all Turkish nationals, including Syrians, was also shared. The report, which states that there are approximately 5 million 13 thousand 631 foreign nationals in Turkey, determined the following:

“As of January 2022, one million 365,884 of this population are of education age (5-17 years).”

According to the report, 8.51 per cent foreign children can get education, while 31.49 per cent or 430,153 foreign children are deprived of the right to education.

Most of the students are Syrian

Syrians rank first among foreign students by nationality. There are 730,806 Syrian students in Turkey, followed by 68,760 Iraqis, 47,118 Afghans, 12,666 Iranians and 7,938 Azerbaijani students. According to the report, 2,663 children of German nationality are receiving education in Turkey.

Alican Uluda3

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