School tensions during the Ottoman period – Erhan Afienku

After a permanent interruption of about 1.5 years, the school was reopened. The beginning of a child’s education has always been important throughout history. In Ottoman times, people all around used to have fun and start sending their children to school through big ceremonies.

Our school, which was closed due to the epidemic, has started teaching this week. The students who would start their first class for the first time went to their school with some anxiety and some excitement. In the Ottoman Empire, there was no set age for children to start school. Children start school between the ages of four and six, depending on their maturity.
Van Moore From the brush School starts Ceremony

In the 19th century, when children were four or five years old, they were sent to school with the consent of their parents. Families that did not send their six-year-old children were punished. In schools providing primary education “Primitive School “,” neighborhood school “ Or “School of Stone” It’s called. 2. Abdul Hamid Primary school is opened after the period. About elementary school Ali I, Ismail Kara, Mostafa Okal, Osman Ergin And Wanted BaltachiThere is research
The school, mostly built next to the stone mosque, consisted of a large room. The schools near the mosques were for the religious education of the children. The children’s school will start with a traditional ceremony. The children of the family who will start school will host a banquet and gifts will be given to the school teacher. Candy, bagel etc. of other students of the school. Will be delivered.
Families used oil lamps to keep up with the day their children started school. If the lights do not match, the children will start school on Monday or Thursday. A family with a child would clean their house from top to bottom to start school, and the women of the family would go to the bathroom and have fun with the student candidate to go to school after cleaning.
Elementary school.

‘Bed-e Basemele’
The day the child started school, the whole family would get up before dawn. An embroidered Koran jug was hung around the neck of the newly dressed child. At the time the fez was worn, the baby had a tessel blue on its head and an amulet was attached to the fez. After the preparation of the house was completed, the tombs of Yup Sultan and Fatih were visited.
After the family returned from visiting the shrine, the other children of the school would take their friends who were about to start school to their homes and take them with them with hymns and amin. The children start school through a ceremony “Amen procession” Or “Bed-I Basmala” It’s called.
The ceremony will begin after the boy who will start school rides a decorated horse and waits for her in front of the house. The prayers of the prophets “Amen, Amen.” Follow the word.
After placing the baby, the Amin procession will start. Right in front of the regiment, it was taken to the elf with a gold-lined jug bag on an atlas pillow. Behind him, someone would go, take the cushion on which the child was sitting at school, and the lectern on which he would place the elf. A boy on a horse would follow these two men, followed by the school teacher, the teacher’s assistant, the fortune teller, and Amen.
Relatives and guests of the child were present on the occasion. The mothers of the children and the women of the neighborhood would go with the child to start school. Besides, those who wanted to watch the program were lined up on the side of the road.
With Süheyl Ünver’s line Stone school

The first lesson
When the procession with the slogan Amin came in front of the school, an assistant student of the school teacher would take the student by the hand. The boy who entered the school would kiss his teacher’s hand and sit on the cushion opposite him. The teacher who draws the basmala is the first letter of the Arabic alphabet. “Elf”He would say his name out loud. And then “This is for today’s lesson, I’ll pull your ear if you forget “ He will say

Your school Foundation And people were welcome
The name “primary school” was also used in the Ottoman period during the Karakhanid and Seljuk periods. Since the schools were mostly composed of a single room, the education was conducted by one teacher. The teachers of the school were graduates of the madrasa. There was no class distinction between the students. Teachers will work with students in groups according to their level. When the teacher was not interested in them, the students either wrote or rested. The study went on uninterrupted and there was no such thing as a holiday. Students will start their studies in any month of the year. Boys and girls used to go to school together. In some schools, boys and girls have been separated.
A west In your drawing In school Education

The cost of the school was borne by the people of the neighborhood. The families who had children in the school would give money or clothes, sheep, food, shoes etc. to the school teacher depending on their strength. Also, families will bear the cost of school heating and other expenses. The Foundation was established for poor children and orphans. The foundation provided food, pocket money and clothes to the students.
Education in school begins with learning the alphabet used in the Ottoman period, the name “Elifba”. The alphabet was sometimes learned through rhyme. In primary school, Qur’an, Katisim information, prayer time, history, geography, beautiful writing, spelling and mathematics were taught. The training will start very early in the morning and will continue till the last afternoon. Educational activities were uninterrupted without lunch and lunch break. There was no breathing. Since the schools were nearby schools, the students would go to their homes, eat and return to their schools. Some schools had cafeterias. In addition to teaching, discipline was valued in schools and children who committed crimes or misconduct were punished by death.
When the student reached a certain place in the Qur’an, he would kiss his teacher’s hand and go home with one of the teacher’s assistants. He used to kiss the hands of the elders of the house and show that his education has reached a certain stage. The student’s family would present the gift to the teacher’s assistant according to their circumstances. An event was organized for the students to download Hatim. The student’s family prepares a feast and presents it to the teacher. The training took three to four years. If a person who has finished school in the neighborhood is able to read, he will go to a madrasa and learn an art which was not suitable for his qualifications or situation. Evlia Celebi, IV. He described the passage of the primary school during Murad’s campaign in Baghdad in 1638: “It is impossible to count the number of primary school children. May Allah increase their number. The number of teachers is 1993, the number of schools is 1993. The children of these teachers are like thousands of young soldiers.” Those who read Abjad wear paper cones without reckoning. ” The children of each school wore clothes, played dummy in their hands and prayed Amen. Thousands of students passed in groups praying for their teachers. “

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