Turkish children who are not returning to school

In the last year and a half, education has been severely hampered by epidemics in the world and in Turkey. As part of the normalization process, students began coming to school full time from 6 September. While many students are happy to be back at school after 18 months, some have not been able to share this joy.

With the completion of distance education, it was revealed that some female students, especially in the south-eastern Anatolia region, did not attend school. According to information provided by union officials; In this region, where girls’ schooling rates are already problematic, economic conditions and inadequate cultural codes after the epidemic have made it difficult for girls to return to school.

‘Life stress and the dangers of the virus’

Mahmoud Binissi, co-chair of the Education-Sen Sunliurfa branch, said many children did not return to school due to the epidemic, adding, “Many students could not return to school, especially due to the epidemic and poor economic conditions. The discomfort caused by the epidemic was also effective, ”he said.

Binici underlines that Sunliurfa has more students than the total number of students in the 44 provinces. According to Biniki; Girls’ education may come to an end, especially when they move from elementary school to high school. Binissi emphasized that the need for seasonal agricultural workers and cultural pressures prevented girls from studying.

“After switching to front-end education, I have only 10-15 students in my school who have not yet returned to school,” said Tahsin Dujiol, a representative of the Education-Sen Beatles branch. According to Dujiol, one of the reasons girls do not return to education is economic. Dujiol said, “More girls from rural areas do not join. This is especially true for high school students, “he said.

Dujiol said they contacted parents to send their children to school and received the following in response:

Our economic situation is not conducive.

Service fees are expensive.

There is no one to do the housework.

There is no one to look after the little ones.

Dujiol said they could not persuade their parents to allow their daughters to return to school and said, “We tried to persuade them. Most students want to come, but they can’t because of their families, ”he said.

Noting that especially girls were not sent to school after the Sirte epidemic, Selahattin Talu, head of Shiksha-Sen Sirte branch, said that the number of girls who do not go to school has increased significantly.

Referring to child marriage as a major problem in the region, Talu said, “This problem is still continuing. When children cannot go to the school of their choice, they tend to go for open education.”

Noting that children who did not return to education after the epidemic did not return to open education, Talu said, “We know that about a thousand students graduated from open education in a short period of time. Most of these graduates are high school students, “he said.

The loss in primary education is 5.9 percent

According to the booklet “20 years of education in Turkey” published by the Ministry of National Education; Although the school enrollment rate, which was 98.9 percent in primary education in 2012, rose to 99.6 percent in 2013, it began to decline in 2014. The primary school enrollment rate, which was 96.3 percent in 2014, was 94.9 percent and 91.2 percent in 2015 and 2016, respectively. Although the primary school enrollment rate dropped to 91.5 percent in 2017, increased to 91.9 percent in 2018 and 93.6 percent in 2019, it reached 93.2 percent in 2020. The school enrollment rate was 5.9 percent compared to 2012.

They work most in agriculture

According to TUIK, there are 620,000 child laborers in the country, of which 70.6 per cent are boys and 29.4 per cent are girls. According to a report released by the Occupational Health and Safety Council in June on child labor, the agricultural sector is the sector where child labor is most prevalent among salaried and unpaid family workers.

gokhan.kam@haberglobal.com.tr

Source: Web Special

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