New York, March 10, 2022 – A new report released today by UNICEF and the World Bank states that at least two-thirds of families with children have lost an income since the COVID-19 epidemic began two years ago.
Report on the effects of COVID-19 on the well-being of families, including children It presents results based on data collected from 35 countries. The report states that households with three or more children face an income loss and three-quarters of these households face an income loss. In families with one or two children, the rate is 68 percent.
The report further emphasizes that 1 in 4 families, including children, do not eat for a day or more due to loss of income. In almost half of the families, including children, adults said they avoided food for lack of money. About 1 in 4 adults in a family with or without children have been unable to work since the onset of the outbreak, the report said.
Sanjay Wijesekera, UNICEF’s Program Group Manager, said: “Continued progress in reducing child poverty in recent years has led to a worldwide decline. Families are surprisingly lost. Last year’s inflation rate reached its highest level in a year, with more than two-thirds of households with children starting to earn less. Families no longer have access to food or basic health care and cannot afford to pay for their housing needs. This is a terrible situation and the poorest families are thrown into even greater misery, “he said.
In the report, it was determined that children were deprived of basic and vital needs and that 40 per cent of families, including children, did not participate in any educational activities during school hours. Considering that this information is compiled at the family level, the net participation rate will be much lower at the individual level, especially for children in families with three or more children.
Carolina Sanchez-Paramo, the World Bank’s global director for poverty and equality, said: “Disruptions to education and health services for children and huge health expenditures affecting more than 1 billion people could hamper the development of human capital.” That fact must be taken into account. “It simply came to our notice then.
Families with three or more children are more likely to lose income and receive government benefits. Although 25 percent of families can access this assistance, the rate is 10 percent for childless families The report says that this situation helps reduce the negative effects of the crisis on assisted families.
According to the report, before Covid-19, one out of every six children in the world or 365 million children lived in extreme poverty. Family members of these children have struggled to survive on less than 90 1.90 a day. More than 40 percent of children live in moderate poverty, and about 1 billion children in developing countries suffer from multidimensional poverty. As a result of the epidemic, this number has increased by 10%.
UNICEF and the World Bank have called for the rapid expansion of social protection systems for children and their families. Social Security assistance and general child benefits, including cash transfers, are important programs and investments that can help families recover from the economic downturn and prepare for future shocks. Since the onset of the epidemic, more than 200 countries and territories have implemented thousands of social security measures Steps, and the World Bank has assisted countries with about .5 12.5 billion in funding to implement these measures and reached out to about 1 billion people worldwide.
Effects of COVID-19 on children in Turkey:
Turkey has adopted a number of effective health measures to mitigate the effects of COVID-19 outbreaks, including vaccinating 75% of the adult population. Also, in 2020-2021 Turkey increased its social security spending and funding for critical social assistance programs, providing cash transfers to 7 million households to mitigate the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak. However, as in all countries, the long-term socio-economic impact of COVID-19 could worsen the situation for families and children in Turkey, especially those already disadvantaged.
According to TUIK (2020) data, 32 percent of children in Turkey live in poor families and 34 percent are in financial deprivation. A recent UNICEF simulation study (2021) revealed that the effects of COVID-19 could increase child poverty from 15.4% to 24.7%.
UNICEF, in partnership with Turkey, the government and civil society, will focus on reducing the impact of COVID-19 on children and their families. To this end, UNICEF works to expand multi-sectoral cooperation with municipalities and to increase the scope and quality of services provided to the most at-risk children.
The report shows data based on high rates of telephone surveys (from 35 countries) and focuses only on the impact of the crisis on children. The report includes preliminary impact analysis of the crisis (including survey data collected during the period April-September 2020) as well as crisis impact assessment in the following processes (including survey data collected in October 2020 – May 2021). The report covers both the individual situation of the children and the condition of their families and sheds light on the child poverty index. (i) loss of income and business; (ii) food insecurity (family members report that an adult does not eat or skip meals for the day due to lack of money / resources); (iii) social protection programs (whether families have received state assistance since the onset of the epidemic); And (iv) education (participation in educational activities after COVID-19 shutdown).