Ali Selahattin Bay, a retired soldier from Sihangir and son of Husnia Haneem from Iridere, was born in Bulgaria on February 25, 1907, in Agridere, Komotini Sanjak, now known as Ardino.
His mother’s mental problems left a deep mark on Ali’s life. These marks left an impression on Ali’s writings, which are considered among the most important works in the literary world.
After his father was re-enlisted in 1914 due to World War I, Sabahatin Ali settled in Chanakkale with his family. Ali, who remained on the battlefield until 1918, was greatly influenced.
Teachers started writing poems and essays in school
The lead author, who spent his childhood in financial hardship and family unrest, received his first education at the Fuyuzat-e Osmanie School in Uskudar.
Writer Ali entered Kanakkale Primary School soon after settling in Chanakkale. The school was closed without a teacher due to the war, but was reopened with the help of his father and other officials. Ali’s father, Selahattin Bay, taught Turkish.
After graduating from Adremit Idadi School after elementary education, the master of letters was admitted to the school of teachers of Balikesir.
Ali, who began experimenting with stories and poetry at the instigation of his father when he was in teacher’s school, sent his articles to newspapers and magazines in the second grade and at the same time published school newspapers.
Sabahattin Ali moved to Istanbul Teachers School in the third year of his education.
Ali wrote the poem “For My Father” after his father died of a heart attack, sending stories and poems to magazines and participating in school performances at the instigation of Ali Canip Method, a literature teacher at Istanbul Teachers School. The poem was later published in the “Güneş” journal, directed by Orhan Seyfi.
Ayşe Sıtkı, with whom Sabahattin Ali had his first great friendship when he was a student at a teacher’s school in Istanbul, and with whom he wrote long letters and poured out his heart, along with his longtime friend Partev Nylie Boratav, were among his classmates.
Sabahattin Ali graduated from the Teachers’ School in 1927 and was employed as a teacher at the Yojgat Merkez Kumhuriet Primary School. Ali, who was alone in Yozgat, in contrast to his social circle in Istanbul, devoted himself to writing and reading.
After completing 1 year as a teacher, Ali passed the Foreign Language Education Examination opened by the Ministry of National Education due to the need for a foreign language teacher. He went to Germany and studied in Potsdam and Berlin.
The master of literature, concentrating on Russian literature as well as German literature, read works by names such as Ivan Turgenev, Maxim Gorky and Knut Hamsun.
Arrested for talking about communism
Ali returned to Turkey from Germany due to an unpleasant incident.
Ali took the foreign language test opened at Gazi Institute in 1930 and was employed as a German teacher at Aiden Secondary School. The author, who was interrogated here for making communist speeches, was arrested for a detailed investigation.
Sabahattin Ali, who was in Aidin prison until September 9, 1931, described in letters to Aye Sitki Ilhan what had happened to him. Ali, who did not leave his author identity behind at the time, also collected material for the stories he would write later.
Before beginning her teaching career in Aidin, the author visited “Resimly Eye” magazine, where Nazim Hikmet worked, and there met with Zakaria-Sabiha Sertel and Nazim Hikmet. The author also published his first story “A Forest Story” in this magazine.
After his release, he started working as a German teacher at Konya Secondary School. The author shares his loneliness and emotional turmoil with his readers by describing his days in Konya in his book “A Scandal”.
Sabahattin Ali wrote a poem to Melahat Haneem, with whom he had fallen in love, and with this feeling he was again arrested on charges that he had implied and insulted the people of the country’s administration in a satire he read.
His one-year sentence was increased from 12 months to 14 months after the appellate court ruled against him.
The author, who spent four months of his sentence in Konya prison, wrote his compositions “Alderma Ganul” and “Prison Song”, which were later composed and became one of the most memorable songs.
When Ali was released from prison on October 29, 1933, he applied to the Ministry of National Education and stated that he would like to return to the teaching profession.
Continuing to teach in Ankara 2nd secondary school, the writer began correspondence with Aliye Hanim, whom he met in 1932 through a relative in Istanbul. Aliye Haneem and Sabahattin Ali were married by post and married on 16 May 1935.
The successful man of the letter completed his military service in 1937 as a reserve officer. On September 30, 1937, his daughter Phillies was born. An ideal wife and a loving father, Ali wrote the novels “Yusuf from Quyukak” and “Madonna in a Far Cote”, which are still the most widely read and translated in many languages after the birth of his daughter. Ali, who is also involved in politics, was fired from his teaching post due to various lectures.
The novel The Demon Within sparked political controversy
The master of letters wrote the stories “Tipot” and “Arab Hairy” in 1938, “For Warming” and “Sleep” in 1939, “Hello” in 1940 and “The Beginning of a Profession”. The novel “The Devil in Us” was published consecutively in the magazine Ulus between April 3 and June 29, 1939. The novel caused a great deal of political controversy after its publication.
Ali collected his stories “A Conference”, “New World”, “To Women”, “Sulfata” and “Hasan Boguldu” which he wrote in his book “New World” in 1941-1943.
The master writer, who works as a government employee in the Publications Department of the Ministry of National Education and as a translator and dramatist at the Ankara State Conservatory, has filed a lawsuit against an article written by Nihal Atsiz. Despite winning the case in 1944, Ali, who could not escape the response, was fired by the Ministry of National Education after a hearing.
He started journalism in 1945[1945সালেসাংবাদিকতাশুরুকরেন
Ali, who began his career as a journalist in Istanbul in 1945, became unemployed when the “La Turkey” and “Yeni Duniya” newspapers, for which he wrote jokes, were destroyed during the “Tan Newspaper” event.
The master author, who wrote articles for publications such as “Yurt ve Dünya”, “Yeni Türk” and “Tercüme” magazine, published the political comedy magazine “Marco Pasha” in 1946 with Aziz Nassin and Rifat Ilgaz. The magazine was followed by comic magazines with political content such as “Malum Pasha”, “Dead Pasha” and “Okuz Pasha”.
Sabahattin Ali, who was re-arrested and imprisoned for 3 months with an article in a publication titled “In the Corridors of Justice”, faced both financial and moral problems in Istanbul during this period. The guru of literature has also expressed his experience in his articles in “Ali Baba” magazine.
The author had planned to go abroad with the help of human traffickers because of his passport, even though he could not stay away from the political pressure of the country and continue his broadcasting life on the basis of free will. Prohibition On March 31, 1948, Ali traveled with Ertekin to Kirklerelli, with whom he had met.
On June 16, 1948, the body found by a shepherd on the Bulgarian border was identified as Sabahatin Ali. Ali Ertekin later confessed to the murder.
It was recorded that the body, which was found unidentified in the jungle four months after the murder, belonged to the author Ali and he died on April 2, 1948.
His wife, Aliye Ali, said in a statement about the situation:
“Sabahatin was a kind-hearted man who loved people very much. The effort he put into the industry, which has always played as a checker stone year after year, and the constant annoyance by the police will exhaust his nerves, so the offer of escape was appealing to him. The dream of being able to write his novel with a clear head must have forced him to find a place or a country where he wanted to rest his mind.
Literary personality of Sabahattin Ali
Ali, who wrote his poems on a syllabic meter, entered the world of literature with his poems. Ali, who acted with a social realistic approach to his stories and novels, where the influence of folk poetry was felt while writing his works, expressed his views on poetry in a 1938 interview, “I think there is nothing old and new. Good poetry in poetry certainly adds something to a person. Sometimes it’s a thesis, sometimes it’s an excitement that allows us to expand spiritually. “
In evaluating his work, the author states that he prefers his stories and novels to his poetry, and mentions the following in the preface to his work, “The Mill,” which was published in 2015 by Yapi Creedy Publishing for the 23rd edition:
“In my poems and stories, I know there are so many bad things that I’m ashamed to write them. I don’t think it’s an excuse that some of them were written at a young age. I will not hesitate to accuse the owner of incompetence and complete disability. These are only important to me in showing the development of my artistic life, which cannot be a reason for others to read. “
Aiming at a wider audience using a general style when writing his poems, the master of characters prioritized social reality in his stories and novels, determined this aspect and chose characters from life.
“In my opinion, art is responsible for teaching people about human life and life and their meaning.” In summarizing his understanding of art through his words, the author received much praise for the works he brought to Turkish literature.
Author Mostafa Kutlu has created a review book called “Sabahatin Ali Life and Works” published by Dergah Publishing.
Kutlu analyzes Sabahatin Ali’s world under the headings of realism, romance, sincerity, warmth-excitement, imbalance, frustration, loneliness, honesty and opportunity. Kutlu, the master of letters, said of the man’s poem, “If his eyes are opened to a world where people live in peace and where the voices of the oppressed are not heard; He probably wrote lyric poems, priests, exuberant poems. Comments
An important contributor to Turkish literature, he is a master writer who has translated many things with his clear and simple language, understanding of reality and sincere feeling.