Why is nursing important in a war zone?

Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun

They strive for the fastest and most accurate response to stress …

While the world has been following the war between Russia and Ukraine for about 1.5 months; The importance of health services and health workers on the battlefield also comes to the fore. Noting that nurses not only provide first aid and health care to the wounded on the battlefield, experts say that nurses on the battlefield are under intense pressure and need to perform their clinical exercises as quickly and accurately as possible. Experts also point out the need for nurses to work in combat environments, where all sorts of chaos can coexist, with multiple interventions in such a mixed environment having rich knowledge, skills and abilities.

Meftun Akgun, a lecturer in the Nursing Department of the Faculty of Health Sciences at Yuscudar University, assessed the importance of nursing in war zones. Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun says wars throughout human history can range from small conflicts between two tribes to world wars between regular armies that affect the world’s majority population.

Note that in the 21st century, wars threaten schools, roads, sports stadiums, highways, banks and shopping centers where civilians carry on their daily lives and where they are usually the majority. Lecturer Meftun Akgun said, “Many lives are lost in war using bombs, nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. In today’s world, wars have become more complex in the form of campaigns, insurgencies, and terrorist attacks, where high technology is widely used, and conventional wars that the regular armies conduct relatively directly with each other without the use of weapons of mass destruction have declined. Lots. Says

Nurses need to be prepared for war and terrorist incidents.

Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun emphasized the importance of keeping nurses in critical positions in the health system, especially in the face of war and terrorism. Dr. Faculty member Meftun Akgun says:

“Fighting and terrorist attacks anywhere in the world are not hidden for long, they are announced to the masses through the media and instant access, and help can be sent by contacting them from other parts of the world.” Hunting. For this reason, nurses in the health system need to improve their qualifications, both personally and professionally, in order to be prepared for war and terrorist incidents and to continue providing health services uninterruptedly and effectively. In addition, acts of war and terrorism not only threaten the lives of many people, but also harm health care providers, adversely affecting first and emergency life support, patient transfers, post-examination and treatment, and health workers.

Women have played a very important role in the war

Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun reminded that women, who have been physically, socially and emotionally affected by war and terrorism, also play an important role in caring for and treating wounded soldiers around the world. .

Florence Nightingale and nursing profession

Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun noted that Florence Nightingale’s positive impact on the health of sick and wounded soldiers with the care provided by women during the Crimean War (1854) was considered a turning point in the nursing profession. Akgun says 25,000 British troops took part in the Crimean War and 18,000 of them died of diarrhea, cholera, beriberi, high fever, overcrowded accommodation, dirty hospital environment, inadequate food, poor patient care.

Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun said, “Florence Nightingale’s remedial practices for the environment and the importance of patient care practices such as environmental sanitation, personal hygiene and hand washing have reduced the mortality rate from 42% to 2.2%. During World War I, more than 10,000 nurses took part in the war, and 260 nurses died in four years. Belgium Hospital II. In World War II, 210 of the 1600 nurses working under fire lost their lives. The 7,500 nurses who participated in the Vietnam War cared for soldiers wounded by bullets, burns and tropical diseases. With advances in nursing care and treatment, the infection rate has dropped from 29.3% in World War I to 26.3% in the Korean War and 19.0% in the Vietnam War, “she said.

History of nursing services in our country

Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun says that the war in Tripoli (1911) caused a great deal of casualties and inadequate health care for the wounded, necessitated nursing services in our country and it was decided to take emergency measures. Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun said, “For this purpose, in 1911 by the Red Crescent Society, Dr. With the help of Basim Om Pasha, the first 6 months nursing course was opened. The nurses who graduated from here worked in the Balkans and the First World War. ” Says

They must respond properly and effectively in emergencies.

Nurses have a very important responsibility in dealing with war and terrorism, he said. Lecturer Meftun Akgun said, “In the event of an attack, nurses immediately identify at-risk groups such as refugees, wounded soldiers, pregnant women and children and the elderly, such as those in disasters, and respond to emergencies such as trauma, burns, bleeding. Different types of injuries, effectively and quickly. Responsible for that. ”

Not just first aid

Dr. Faculty member Meftun Akgun noted that in times of crisis, nurses continue their nursing services, which require a variety of knowledge, skills and experience to meet basic needs such as nutrition, clothing, hygiene and shelter.

Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun said, “When implementing a plan to guide nursing services in the event of war and terrorism, nurses should also consider the long working hours and difficult working conditions and potential features of the environment.” Says

Nurses have many responsibilities

Mentioning the main role and responsibility of nurses in the fight against war and terrorism. Lecturer Meftun Akgun said: “It is important to move quickly to the area where the military operation is taking place, along with other units, to prepare accordingly and to take important risk measures. Nurses also provide first and immediate life support in the event of an attack, transport the injured who need improved care and support, determine patient care needs and plan appropriate care plans, apply nursing care and treatment criteria, care for minor injuries and as soon as possible. Taking soldiers to war zones. They are also responsible for ensuring that civilians continue their daily lives. “

Many innocent people have been seriously injured or lost their lives as a result of war or terrorist incidents. Lecturer Meftun Akgun said, “Nurses should be well aware of the difficulties they may face in such a difficult and serious situation and prepare themselves for the most challenging situation mentally. Because in an environment of war and terror there is uncertainty and the situation changes rapidly. The members of the health team have to adapt to the rapidly changing conditions and work in a combination of different units of the hospital. Nurses also need to have good communication skills and the ability to find solutions to problems in such crises. ” Says

Must have the ability to adapt to any environment

Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun said that in an environment of war and terror, on the one hand, there may be areas where technological opportunities cannot be used, health services are run on old technology and there may be a shortage of equipment, tools and equipment, as well as surgical services with specialist doctors The team, which is equipped with state-of-the-art field and ship hospitals, said all kinds of medical interventions and nursing care could be continued and the seriously injured could be taken to ambulance planes. Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun said, “Nursing services should have the knowledge and skills to adapt to both situations in this case.” Says

Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun says that unlike all other healthcare professionals, nurses are responsible for the success of medical interventions requested by team members and for implementing care interventions such as wound care, infection follow-up, pre-postoperative care, and pain. Management, rehabilitation training.

It is important to have their knowledge, skills and qualifications

Dr. Lecturer Meftun Akgun said the nurses were under intense pressure in the area where the fighting took place and had to perform their clinical exercises as quickly and accurately as possible, and concluded:

“Therefore, to have multiple interventions in such a complex environment, they need to have a lot of knowledge, skills and expertise. Also, nurses should be provided with the necessary training and communication from the moment of emergency life support to the first encounter with victims of war and terrorism, the hospital environment where medical services and treatments are followed and also during rehabilitation. And the stages of social integration. Therefore, nursing practice requires specialized knowledge, skills and complex interventions.

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