Research is being done to protect endangered species with the help of ‘Species Conservation Action Plan’ prepared by the General Directorate of DKMP, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests.
Within the scope of the field study of the ‘Mugla Mediterranean Monk Seal Species Protection Action Plan’, conducted in collaboration with the DKMP 4th Regional Directorate, Mugla Provincial Branch Department and the Underwater Research Association, published in the Severely endangered on the list. Welded cameras.
Thanks to the cameras, the movement of the seals in the coastal caves is determined. The goal is to protect the habitat of Mediterranean monk seals by reducing human mobility in the caves, which are monitored by cameras. Garbage accumulated in the caves and hazardous solid wastes are also collected so as not to damage the seals. So far, all the marine debris accumulated in 16 coastal caves has been collected and cleaned.
“The Mediterranean seal that was born”
Within the scope of this field study conducted in Mughal, the birth of a Mediterranean monk seal was recorded for the first time by a camera emitted by an infrared light. Later, it was determined that the health of the cub was good with the seal, which was followed by camera and photographed. The detection of the birth of a Mediterranean monk seal with the help of a camera has revealed the results of a population protection study. In view of the continuation of the species’ extinction, a Mediterranean monk seal calf was identified during the field study, which also pleased those who conducted the study. DKMP 4th Regional Directorate, Muğla Branch Department, with the Underwater Research Association and stakeholder group, to study species and habitat research, species threat identification, education awareness activities, emergency response to sick and injured seals, and animal welfare.
“There are about 100 people in Turkey”
The Mediterranean monk seal, whose lineage is critically endangered, lives only in the islands of Turkey, Greece, Morocco, Mauritania and Madeira in the world. That is why Turkey is an important country in the protection of the Mediterranean monk seal, numbering 700 in the world. In various scientific studies conducted in Turkey, 31-44 Mediterranean monk seals have been identified by individual identification, it is estimated that about 100 seals live along the coast.
“Population has grown by 2005”
Lecturer in the Department of Marine Biology and Fisheries, Middle East Technical University, Marine Sciences Institute, who has been working with the Mediterranean monk seal since 1994. Dr. Recalling that 10 seals were killed in 1994, Ali Cemal Güçlü said: “The number 10 is a very serious number. Preliminary research has shown that the area is important for seals. In those years, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism declared an area of 75 km, including shelters, breeding grounds and caves, which are important for the life of seals. A first degree natural site. Increased, ”he said.
“If the caves are lost, the seals will not have a chance to survive.”
Professor Dr. Note that after 2005, the negative effects on the population began to be felt, Guklu said:
“We need to protect these areas, but unfortunately that did not happen. Since 2005, some negative development has seriously threatened the seals. As a result of the construction of a sea terminal serving the cement factory, we have lost critical caves that have stopped breeding. It is important that they give birth to their offspring. They cannot give birth in every cave. Caves must be in special conditions. They must be covered, away from the human eye and need to breathe. Caves with these features are rare. There are 8 caves with this feature. If seals are lost they can be reproduced. This does not happen. We were told that a hotel will soon be built on the caves used by 8 people at the same time on the edge of Kızkalesi. There will be no chance. ”
“Unfortunately, they do organize diving tours.”
Professor Dr. Emphasizing that the caves are in danger of extinction, Guktur said, “Once these caves become extinct, mothers who are born with instincts will give birth in a common place. They breed in early winter; mothers who do not give birth. Lose the calf ৷ if it continues in this situation, 15- We think we won’t be able to see seals in 20 years ৷ Currently, habitat loss has reached incredible levels ৷ These are environmentally iconic ৷ species গুরুত্বপূর্ণ It is important not to enter the seal cave. Especially in seal caves because “there are seals here.” We tell people not to participate in such activities. He said.