Since the economic crisis is the mother of the humanitarian crisis, education, which is expected to find a solution to the crisis, inevitably leads to a crisis. It is unlikely that education, which is specially designed and designed to meet market demand, will not take its share from the crisis of the economy. Because it is now one of the manufactured goods that is bought and sold. The economic crisis, which makes the poor poorer and the rich richer, does not change the loser in other areas of life; Social and political defeats are poor, winners are rich.
We do not have empirical data showing the impact of the economic crisis on education. However, considering the dependence of education level on the economy, we can make definite decisions without relying on any information and we can make strong predictions about who will be affected by the crisis. Although education is one of the basic tools of human self-realization, today it is at the foot of Maslow’s pyramid. Because education is seen as one of the ways to access the products of physiological needs such as nutrition, shelter, security and basic needs. For this reason, lack of oil, milk and bread is synonymous with lack of education.
The severe economic crisis that Turkey is facing will cause permanent damage to education. In each case, they have seized it, despite obstacles we can scarcely imagine. ” In addition to its social consequences, declining employment, school dropouts, and measurable educational expectations for children from poor families will soon be seen as significant consequences of the crisis. Among children from poor families who cannot afford the rising cost of education and whose dreams of higher education are shattered, school dropout records may rise to record highs. The Ministry of National Education follows these expected outcomes, such as policies encouraging child labor and school dropouts: The “My Profession is My Life” campaign is launched by the Ministry of National Education to ensure the transfer of 1 million secondary school students to vocational education centers and poor families affected by economic crisis. Interest in propaganda among children. Transferring secondary school students to MEM, which opens in industrial areas and trains apprentices, means leaving school. We can say that open high schools are fake school applications made for the poor, and the number will increase with the crisis.
Tuition fees, fees, printed and digital learning materials, transportation, nutrition and housing costs, which are among the most expensive items of education, will fall at the secondary level of compulsory education and among associate, undergraduate and graduate students. . It may be possible for university candidates to transfer their university and field choices to low-cost departments and regions. This kind of result means that the student continues his education in the field of his choice. Similar results can be seen in secondary and high school choices; It is hoped that the poor will turn to Imam Hatip School where student needs such as shelter and nutrition are met.
Private universities and schools, which are business, will certainly be vulnerable to the crisis; The resources that the middle class will allocate to private schools due to the economic crisis ended last year. Many private schools will either close due to lack of demand or become pre-school educational institutions. We hear about teachers who are unemployed and often unpaid. I think a lot of private school students will come back to government schools. Losing the motivation of educators, especially teachers, who have become a little poorer; It is inevitable to abandon the long-term expectations of education and to experience the social, cultural and psychological catastrophe that results from them.
The state does not fund public schools; The students bear the basic expenses like maintenance, repair, electricity, water, cleanliness of the school. It is impossible for parents of poor students to make the expected contribution. It is up to the state to mitigate the inevitable effects of the crisis on schools and education. Whether or not this is done, it is up to us to remind the state what to do:
To cover student accommodation, food and transportation costs,
Reduce or remove fees,
Extended and genuine scholarships,
Occupy private universities and schools
Of course, the impact of the crisis on education is not limited to these – this is a summary of the issues I have raised in the panel on the impact of the economic crisis on education and staff, organized by the Shiksha Sen Hatay branch. The problem is much deeper than what was written and published.
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