The number of children with allergies is increasing day by day. Although it may be considered a common sneeze or itching, allergies, which are fatal for some, are one of the most common childhood diseases of our time.
With the onset of spring, runny nose, sneezing, coughing, and itching occur in about one in two children. In addition to seasonal allergies, a severe increase in food allergies is observed. Head of the Nutrition Working Group of the National Allergy and Clinical Immunology Association of Turkey and Head of the Department of Pediatric Immunology-Allergy at the Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University. Dr. In a study involving 1,248 children across Turkey, led by Ain Bingol, a map of food allergies in children was created. According to the results of two years of research, allergies to cow’s milk are the most common in our country. This is followed by eggs, nuts, wheat and seafood.
Cow’s milk Allergies are common
Professor Dr. Bingöl says that cow’s milk allergies are common, especially between the ages of 0-2, but these allergies improve as the baby grows. However, noting that families have acted cautiously and have not fed their children these foods despite their improvement, Bingole said, “This is very unfair, as these foods constitute the basic nutrients in our daily diet.” Professor Dr. Ein Bingol points out the characteristics of childhood food allergies in our country: “In addition to the symptoms of skin, gastrointestinal, respiratory and growth retardation, it can cause allergic shock. According to the results of our study; 17.6 percent of food allergies result in allergic shock (anaphylaxis). The most common type of food allergy in children is cow’s milk allergy; Follows allergies to eggs, nuts, wheat and seafood. “
“Diagnosis must be made correctly”
“There is a step in the life process of allergic disease,” said Professor. Dr. Ein Bingol explains it this way: “First, food allergies and eczema develop in infants and young children, then asthma and allergic rhinitis develop as the child grows older. In the case of food allergies, while allergies to milk, eggs, and wheat predominate in the early stages of life, allergies to nuts, fish, and seafood are more common in adults. However, the diagnosis of food allergies must be made correctly. Excessive diagnoses and unnecessary diets are made by non-experts, or the diagnosis may be missed and complications may occur. “
Noting that allergic diseases are on the rise and affecting quality of life, Bingol said, “For this reason, we, as the Turkish National Allergy and Clinical Immunology Association, are organizing an online food allergy congress on May 15. We are ready to do our best to inform our people about food allergies and answer their questions. ”
Why is it growing?
Professor Dr. Bingol has explained the causes of the increase in allergic diseases and food allergies in recent years; Microbiota imbalance, vitamin D deficiency, antibiotics, lifestyle and diet which create a false fear for metabolism, birth by cesarean section, presence of allergic disease in parents.
“Some schools do not accept children with allergies”
Lezlem Ceylan founded the Life with Allergy Association a few years ago with a family of 16 volunteers to inform the community about the difficulties parents of an allergic child have. Noting that allergies have become an increasingly challenging disease, Ceylon said that the Covid-19 outbreak also triggered the outbreak: We will see more of its effects in the years to come. “
Noting that allergies are one of the most common chronic diseases in Europe, Ceylon said: Introduction. Plants also have a memory. Because of climate change, they produce more pollen to survive, leading to increased seasonal allergies. “
Czlem Ceylan, especially in food allergies, can cause leaks in baby food due to social pressures. Unfortunately, families with allergies may face more problems as the child gets older. For example, controlling allergies in school life is not only the responsibility of the family, but also of educators. However, we are sorry to see that some kindergartens and private primary schools do not even accept children with allergies. Our children, who frequently use medical devices and medications for asthma, and who adhere to the medical diet due to food allergies, should not be denied the right to go to school on purpose. In 2018, we launched the Mevhibe İnönü Child Development Center in Cartel Municipality to address this issue, the first and only kindergarten designed specifically for children with allergies. This nursery, where everything from air filters to classroom interior furniture, from special meals cooked in the kitchen to the minimum pollinating plants planted in the garden, is chosen in keeping with the health of allergic children, is an example to follow. The project proves that we don’t need a big budget to ensure the health of our children in educational institutions. ”