Dr. from the Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Medipole Mega University Hospital. Trainer Professor Ishik Odaman Al says that iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia in Turkey and around the world, and occurs in about half of all pre-school children and one-third of school age. Children’s inability to gain weight, delays in neuromotor development, and sores during crying are seen, while older children show symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, dizziness, paleness, loss of school success, confusion, hair loss, and brittle nails. Used expressions.
Dr. Trainer member Işık Odaman Al, in his statement on anemia, which presents each child with different symptoms, reminded us that when the hemoglobin of our red blood cells, which are responsible for carrying oxygen to the tissues, falls below the standard determined by age and gender. This is called anemia.
Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia in Turkey and around the world, says Al.
“It occurs in about half of children in pre-school period and one third in school age. The most common age is 6 months to 24 months and during adolescence. Another common type of anemia is a carrier of Mediterranean anemia in our country. Its prevalence is high. 2 percent, and up to 15 percent in the Mediterranean and Thrace regions. Symptoms of anemia in children vary with age. In children, anemia levels and rates of development. Although convulsions are seen in the form of participation in older children, symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, dizziness, paleness, loss of success in school, confusion, hair loss, and broken nails are seen in older children.
Dr. Trainer Member Al points out that there are three main causes of anemia, and like all blood components, red blood cells are formed in the bone marrow, the most common cause of anemia being a decrease in production due to various reasons. Going, while the second reason is adequate production in the bone marrow.
“The most common causes are iron deficiency anemia due to nutritional deficiencies, anemia due to B12 and folic acid deficiency. Blood production is liver, kidney or rheumatic diseases in addition to nutritional deficiencies. Chronic inflammation in these children suppresses blood production. Another rare cause of decreased blood production is congenital or acquired cause, inadequate bone marrow function and inability to produce the required amount of blood. It is caused by a bone marrow deficiency and is called aplastic anemia. ” Used expressions.
“Mothers should be provided with adequate iron and vitamin support during pregnancy”
Dr. Train member Ishek Odaman Al mentions the following about what should be done to prevent the development of anemia:
“First, mothers should be provided with adequate iron and vitamin support during pregnancy. Babies born prematurely or underweight should be given protective iron support from the first month, and preterm infants should be given protective iron support from the 4th. At least 1 year of age to month. Meat. Foods rich in liver, spleen, fish, eggs, lemons, grape molasses, dark green leafy vegetables should be encouraged. Cow’s milk should not be given before 1 year of age as it prevents iron. , And after the age of 1 year, it should not be given twice a day. Drinks like tea and coffee which reduce iron absorption should be avoided. Adolescent girls should have bleeding. Mediterranean anemia at the wedding should be screened and the difference should be determined. It is important to increase the dive. “
Dr. spoke about the treatment of the disease. Train member Al says that if there is a nutritional deficiency such as iron deficiency or B12 deficiency, it is treated by replacing these vitamins and ingredients.
In case of iron deficiency, the amount of iron is calculated according to the weight of the child in the form of drops, syrups or tablets in 2 doses per day, on an empty stomach 1-2 hours after a meal and fresh oranges are squeezed for adequate absorption. Juice with vitamin C, which is known to increase iron absorption
Explaining that after the hemoglobin level reached the desired level, the treatment was completed for 3 months with low dose and stated:
“It may be difficult to use due to side effects like blackening of teeth, discoloration of stools, abdominal pain, nausea, constipation, diarrhea. Use to reduce contact with teeth or to drink water later. If the medicine cannot be used for nausea, abdominal pain, a doctor must be consulted. If medication cannot be used due to nausea and abdominal pain, a doctor should be consulted. In such cases, switching to different iron preparations may reduce the symptoms. Iron therapy should be started in cases where there is insufficient intravenous iron absorption or in chronic intestinal diseases where iron absorption is insufficient.