In our country, it is possible to get rid of lesson information and memorization through changes in qualified education. It is not possible without the teaching of philosophy which transforms the question into a way of life in school and without the art lesson which develops the aesthetic and creative aspects of man.
Heraclitus: “We cannot bathe twice in the same river. If we adopt the motto “Because rivers are not the same river, you are not the same,” as the motto of ongoing change, we need to question the perception of education yesterday and today and introduce new, contemporary teaching methods. The flowing water has turned into another river. If we think that we have got something permanent and permanent when we are constantly and in structure, it would be a mistake and a deception. Not giving up yesterday’s education is like drying today’s laundry in yesterday’s sun.
Undoubtedly, the understanding of education, like everything else, has experienced a process of change. However, in every age, including the scientific understanding of scientific, secular, competent, question, investigative, critical thinking; Educational, data transfer, root learning and compulsory emphasis are on struggle. Although scientific education has been hampered many times, at the point where the world has been invented, artistic and cultural products, new and fundamental concepts in the intellectual context have always been the legacy of the understanding of scientific education to humanity. The role of qualified schools and educators in this legacy is huge.
The main question to ask about school standards is: What is a qualified school? Is school a place where knowledge is shared or a place where knowledge is processed?
What is information? What is data processing?
According to TD, the word “information” has two meanings: the first is what is in a person’s knowledge, what is known, what is learned, and the second is what is told to a person, news. In these two senses, we see that information cannot go beyond transferring information to someone else. In the words of Betul Kotuksoken: “… children will learn that there is a man named Aristotle, as he learned in school in the Turkish capital. In short, student knowledge will increase. However, the child will not change his or her attitude towards knowledge or acquire serious intellectual skills. “
Günay Rodoplu distinguishes between knowledge and information. According to him, knowledge is the “light” which is directed towards the essence, consistent with the whole of life, hanging with life, explaining and illuminating life. Knowledge is not a quality; On the contrary, aimless knowledge makes people lose their mental and moral innocence. The informants are the storage molders in a room crammed with unused items, unable to move for fear of everything falling apart. No one is far from saying “knowledge” to these stockholders. According to Guney, it has been seen in Turkey with all its nudity. In Turkey, too, fraud has increased at an alarming rate with the spread of informational education. “
How to go beyond increasing student knowledge in school? The answer to this question is a complete mental renewal and a paradigm shift. As the first button of this change, it should start by creating a contemporary education program that includes philosophy, logic and research courses at each grade level and training all educators in the philosophy of scientific education. As a second button, branch teachers at all levels are required to enter the school’s art and sports classes and extend course time.
School administrators and teachers are in the kitchen of education at this critical time. School administrators and teachers must take urgent steps to leave informational education on the dusty shelves of the 19th century, to build people who read with an exploratory learning approach, enjoy learning and infect the world through learning, research, never abandon a branch of art. No, play sports to stay healthy and be a citizen of the world.
According to Edgar Morin, there are many sources of error and confusion in information. This is where the need for us to explore the potential for knowledge of any kind of education arises. Asking questions is the oxygen of trying to know. To avoid idealism and rationality, we need to bargain and control our minds and thoughts. One of the most important tasks of education is to equip everyone in the vital struggle of awareness. According to Edgar Morin, there is a blindness to knowing as we mentioned above. “Those who know” and “those who teach knowledge” must first be able to ask “know” questions. Education has to be formed considering these blindness.
Means data processing; It means thinking about information, approaching information with suspicion, being able to work on information with critical thinking activities. Quality education cannot be achieved without knowledge. This allowed children and young people to process information through threads led by “facilitators” in the classroom every day.
The human brain processes information, it is the brain’s job: to process and learn information. Philosophy acts as a motor in the brain processing information. Philosophy removes excess of knowledge through questioning and ensures that knowledge is clear. Philosophy acts as a “horse fly” asking questions, and ensuring that the brain is always moving. When the brain’s unprocessed information becomes information; Processed information provides a product, product, creative ideas, innovation and development of humanity. The secret is to transform knowledge from knowledge to product. Processing information requires listening to Emanuel Kant’s motto: “Dare to use your mind!”
The great hill of knowledge is to give up the perception of learning by heart and not to miss philosophy, art and sports education. Missing philosophy, industry and sports have thrown countries into the skid.
What does philosophy teach?
“Philosophy”, which means “love of knowledge”, is a combination of thought and action. Philosophy is to walk the path, to think of the unimaginable, to speak unspoken, to question knowledge, to clarify ideas. Philosophy is to think well, to be, to act and to see the unseen, to arrive at the truth of things. Philosophy is always reborn. Because the big question never goes away. It is possible to find the source of qualified education in the definition of philosophy. There are two prerequisites for quality education. These are secular education and philosophy education. Without these two prerequisites, there would be no qualified education, at best it would be root learning.
In Betül Çotuksöken’s language, philosophy, both his questions and his answers, “investigates what he does” through a special effort to understand. Philosophical thinking is the process of creating new ideas and putting forward ideas, putting forward assumptions, looking for alternative innovative results in the process of creative thinking. The critical aspect of philosophical thought is present in its calculations along with its own and everything else.
Philosophical thinking enables one to distinguish between knowledge and non-knowledge, good and bad, truth and falsehood by questioning. Philosophical thinking makes one resistant and alert against manipulation, lies, deception and traps.
Art education undoubtedly develops the talents of children. Also, many benefits are provided from motor movement to problem solving skills. Social skills are acquired such as recognizing and expressing their own thoughts and feelings.
What does art education do?
Industrial education; It supports observation, innovation and personal approach and develops practical thinking. It enhances the perception of the brain without events. It develops individual skills and helps them to synthesize.
Art education enhances human creativity and aesthetic skills. In Atatুrk’s words: “A society without art means a life-line of society has been severed.” Art education is the lifeblood of both the individual and society. If the number of hours of art education lessons in schools is not increased and branch teachers do not attend these classes in pre-school and primary school 1st, 2nd and 3rd classes, then our country will face many years of darkness and rudeness.
Art education undoubtedly develops the talents of children. Also, many benefits are provided from motor movement to problem solving skills. Social skills are acquired such as recognizing and expressing their own thoughts and feelings. Due to the contribution it provides, the importance of industry in education should be increased from an early age. At the moment, the purpose is not only to train people to create art, but also to contribute to creating people who love art and appreciate culture.
Art education also has a therapeutic feature. After this lesson, children develop creativity and negative energy is thrown at them. Art makes life beautiful and gives people the opportunity to express their feelings and thoughts. Artistic pursuit, which is therapeutic in itself, opens the way for one to understand oneself and other people. It is the responsibility of schools, municipalities and parents to create an environment that will support your child’s artistic activities in and out of school.
Art education enables children to think multidimensionally and holistically by providing interdisciplinary interactions. Children’s inclinations towards art will enable them to view and practice their profession from a different perspective. Being interested in art and music increases success in mathematical and scientific research.
Art education enables free thinking. No matter what industry you work with, you need to read, travel, learn, think and ask questions to master this field. Art education is always on the lookout for new and better developments. Free thinking will empower the child’s self and our country will benefit the most from it.
The seeds of industrial love in education need to be sown quickly. Schools and homes should be industrial seed gardens. “Not a single flower blooms in these gardens.” Thanks to the seeds of art, happy and cheerful children will grow up in their school and home.
What does sports training do?
Physical education, which we teach as a lesson in school, first works for the purpose of training the body. Just as we need different lessons and exercises to train our mind, so we need different exercises to train our body. It is essential to continue these exercises from childhood. In the words of Resat Nuri Guntekin: “Why don’t they read books?” Say “Why don’t they play the piano?” It’s like saying something. It is not easier to get the mind accustomed to reading books than to get the fingers accustomed to playing the piano. It is necessary to grow up and prepare accordingly. Reading means creating a spiritual world for yourself with the elements taken from a book, being able to be alone in it. It is the result of long practice and exercise starting from childhood. “
In our country the classes of physical education, art and philosophy have been neglected, neglected, evaluated. These lessons were not included in pre-school, and physical and art education lessons were taught by classroom teachers in elementary school 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grades. The philosophy course, on the other hand, is never taught as a course at these levels. These courses have left both orphans and orphans at this level. Branch teachers of all levels should attend physical education and arts classes in our school. Every child has to take part in a branch of art and sports. Body education should be considered as important as mind education and the country should have a physical education or sports policy in this regard. This policy should be known to all citizens and should be transformed into a way of life at home and at school.
In our country, it is possible to get rid of lesson information and memorization through changes in qualified education. It is not possible without the teaching of philosophy which transforms the question into a way of life in school and without the art lesson which develops the aesthetic and creative aspects of man. Philosophy and art education should be supported with physical education lessons and modern triple pillars of education should be established.
* Inspector of Education, Director of Inspectors Association. Exchange rate. Its members
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