Anemia, which occurs especially with constant fatigue, emerges as a disease that progresses silently until it reaches a critical level. Here are 9 signs of anemia to keep in mind.
Anemia occurs in people who do not have enough red blood cells to help carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and carbon dioxide in the opposite direction. Anemia is a health condition where there are not enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body.
Anemia can occur in a variety of ways, manifesting itself with a large number of symptoms. Some people, such as those with sickle cell anemia or thalassemia, are congenitally anemic. The difficulty in making red blood cells or parts of their red blood cells in their body is genetic and inherited.
However, most people with anemia experience this health problem because they do not get enough iron or vitamin B12. Iron and vitamin B12 are two components needed for the production of healthy red blood cells, including folate.
Why is anemia?
Any process that disrupts the normal lifespan of red blood cells (erythrocytes) in the body can cause anemia. Erythrocytes are produced in the bone marrow and have an average lifespan of 120 days.
Anemia usually occurs for 2 main reasons. The first is a decrease in the production of red blood cells or hemoglobin. The second major cause is increased loss and destruction of red blood cells.
Anemia is usually classified according to the average value of red blood cells. If the average RBC count is low (less than 80), the anemia is classified as microcytic anemia (low RBC count). If the average value of erythrocytes is moderate (80-100), then it is normocytic anemia (normal erythrocyte level). If the average value of erythrocytes is high, it is macrocytic anemia (high erythrocyte level).
Anemia due to iron deficiency
Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia and this deficiency is mainly blood loss, which can be acute or chronic. The loss of blood draws water into the bloodstream, thus filling the veins, which dilutes the blood and leads to various health problems.
Acute hemorrhage occurs in situations such as sudden heavy bleeding and traumatic wounds, surgical complications, and complications during birth. Rises Chronic hemorrhage is a blood loss that lasts for a long time and is often associated with chronic diseases such as cancer or tumors.
In addition to anemia, common causes of iron deficiency include poor diet, strenuous physical activity, menstruation, gastrointestinal disorders (such as Crohn’s disease or stomach ulcers), and the use of certain medications.
Anemia due to lack of vitamin B12
Vitamins are essential for the production of red blood cells. In particular, vitamins B12 and B9, as well as vitamin C, are essential for the production of red blood cells. Deficiency of this vitamin reduces the production of red blood cells and leads to anemia. The most common type is vitamin B12-induced anemia.
Some diseases can interfere with the production of red blood cells, leading to anemia. These diseases are mainly acute and chronic infections, cancer, HIV / AIDS, kidney disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Such as chronic diseases.
Some types of anemia can be inherited as well as develop throughout life. Sickle cell anemia, which is associated with a defective form of hemoglobin, is genetic because erythrocytes develop an irregular and solid crescent shape (sickle) and then die prematurely.
Thalassemia, which means an abnormal form or insufficient amount of hemoglobin in the blood, is also a genetic form of anemia.
9 silent symptoms of anemia
Adults who are at higher risk of anemia are usually vegetarians who have anemia due to physiological reasons (painful menstruation in women), diseases (internal bleeding, hemorrhoids) and voluntary blood and plasma donors, pregnant and lactating women. Chronic diseases, and those suffering from malnutrition.
There are many symptoms of anemia, but fatigue and persistent fatigue during normal activities are the most common symptoms overall. Here are 9 silent signs of anemia.
1. Shortness of breath and dizziness
In a deficiency of iron or vitamin B12, the body cannot make enough hemoglobin, the protein needed for the proper functioning of red blood cells. Hemoglobin is rich in iron which makes the blood red. This allows oxygen to bind to the cells.
When the body lacks iron or vitamin B12 to make enough hemoglobin, the body parts cannot get all the oxygen they need. Therefore, shortness of breath and dizziness may occur.
2. Constant fatigue
One of the most common and important symptoms of anemia is a general feeling of fatigue. The main symptoms of fatigue. This is a difficult symptom to detect because each person perceives fatigue differently. Some people feel more tired without any effort, others feel it when they are physically active.
It is caused by the same conditions that can cause fatigue, shortness of breath and dizziness. Lack of iron or vitamin B12 leads to deficiency of hemoglobin and therefore insufficient oxygen.
3. Pale skin
When healthy red blood cells are inadequate to supply your organs with oxygen, the largest organs, the skin, feel the immediate effects. Iron and vitamin B12 deficiency can affect blood flow to your skin and make it look pale or even dull.
4. Chest pain
When the number of red blood cells is low, the heart has to work harder to circulate blood throughout the body. This causes the heart to beat faster than normal and causes chest pain. Do not ignore this pain, especially if you have other heart problems, seek expert advice.
Excessive work can lead to arrhythmias and heart murmurs, enlarged heart muscle and even heart failure.
5. Pregnancy or disease that causes blood loss
The amount of iron you take may usually be sufficient, but in some cases you may experience anemia because you are losing blood for other reasons. Pregnant women, for example, are particularly at risk for anemia because the body needs to make more blood cells for the baby to grow and develop. If the baby is deficient in iron, vitamin B12 or folate, the body will produce less healthy red blood cells.
Also, the risk of anemia in adults and children with health problems such as ulcers, hemorrhoids, gastritis and cancer is significantly higher.
6. Strange food cravings
One of the most unusual symptoms of anemia is Pika disease. The disease is caused by the urge to eat non-food items such as ice cubes, clay, or even pencils or dry paint.
It is still unknown why patients with this eating disorder want to chew or eat such unusual items. But it is a very common symptom of iron deficiency anemia.
7. Cold hands and feet
If you notice that your hands and feet are colder than usual, it may be a sign of iron deficiency or anemia. Because in case of anemia, there is a lack of healthy red blood cells in the body. Iron helps the blood cells to provide heat and nutrients to the rest of the cells, so in case of deficiency, there is a tendency to get cold.
8. Frequent headaches
It is normal to experience occasional headaches due to stress, lack of sleep, illness and many other reasons. However, if you experience more headaches than usual, it may be time to check your iron levels.
Even if you only feel a slight headache, you should not ignore it. If your headache persists for a long time, it can hide more serious health problems.
9. palpitations or irregular heartbeat
Palpitations or palpitations are another symptom of iron deficiency anemia. People with anemia have lower hemoglobin levels, and this lack of hemoglobin means the heart has to work harder to carry oxygen. This is why your heartbeat is irregular or fast.