What is breastfeeding?
Breastfeeding is when you breastfeed your baby, usually directly from your breasts. It is also called a type of nursing. For this, do not hesitate to get the help of breastfeeding a newborn baby. Accordingly, you can get the most accurate information about breastfeeding your baby from the midwife, nurse or doctor in charge of the health center in your area.
Breastfeeding experts recommend exclusive breastfeeding (excluding formula, juice or water) for 6 months. It is advisable to continue breastfeeding throughout the first year of the baby’s life after taking other foods.
How often your baby should be breastfed depends on whether your newborn prefers small, frequent meals or long-term breastfeeding. This will change as your baby gets older. Newborns usually want to be fed every 2-3 hours. It is common to feed every 3-4 hours up to 2 months, and after 6 months most babies feed every 4-5 hours.
Why should you breastfeed?
- Each mother’s milk is the most perfect food for her baby and is prepared according to the baby’s condition.
- It is very easy to digest.
- When a mother breastfeeds her baby, the mother-baby relationship is strengthened, it is easier for the mother to adopt her baby and achieve a healthy personality for the baby.
- Breast milk contains the perfect combination of proteins, fats, vitamins and carbohydrates.
- Antibodies, living cells, enzymes and hormones in breast milk protect your baby from infections and diseases.
- It is known that breastfed babies are more intelligent.
- Breastfeeding mothers regain their old weight more quickly.
- Breastfeeding reduces the mother’s risk of breast and ovarian cancer and postmenopausal osteoporosis and hip fractures.
- Breastfeeding makes life easier for mother and family, less time and money is spent.
- Breastfeeding increases a mother’s confidence and attachment to her baby.
- Breastfeeding reduces the health costs of both the family and the state.
- Increases productivity in the workplace where breastfeeding women work. Breastfeeding women are less likely to leave their babies because they are not often sick.
- Breastfeeding also protects the environment. Because breastfeeding means less use of plastic materials which can remain as waste in nature.
Do I have to wait for birth to start breastfeeding?
Whether the mother gives birth through a normal or cesarean section, she should make skin-to-skin contact with her baby and breastfeed her baby as soon as possible after birth. The more times breast milk is fed, the easier it will be for milk to come. If you breastfeed late, the milk will come late. In order for the mother to secrete enough milk, the baby must be breastfed frequently and properly. Health workers will assist you in this matter.
How often is the baby breastfed?
You should start breastfeeding immediately from the first hour of birth. The baby should be breastfed whenever it is happy. A newborn baby should fast for a maximum of 3 hours. The baby should not be kept hungry for more than 3 hours.
However, the newborn usually wants to feed 8 to 12 times during the first two to four weeks of the 24-hour period as needed. Also, look for well-to-do family or friends who encourage you to breastfeed less when breastfeeding your newborn. See your baby’s nutritional cues, such as increased alertness or activity, sniffing, sucking, and sucking. If your baby is asleep and does not need to be fed within three hours of the day, try waking your baby. How long should a newborn baby be breastfed?
First, breastfeeding usually takes 20 to 45 minutes during the first period. However, since newborns often fall asleep, breastfeeding requires some patience. Feed from the start until your baby stops sucking, hands are no longer clenched and your baby will look sleepy and comfortable. If this happens, stop breastfeeding, push the baby and move to your other breast. Keep feeding your baby until he stops feeding on the second breast. Change the side you started with for the next feeding.
How often should my baby be breastfed?
Breastfeeding time should be about 15 minutes and maximum every 2 hours. Also, babies can continue breastfeeding for an average of 15-20 minutes in the first months. However, babies who are still very young may fall asleep while breastfeeding. A sleeping baby can often feel hungry. You must breastfeed every time your baby is hungry, even if you have not yet reached your baby within 1-2 hours of breastfeeding.
Feed your baby day and night
For sleeping babies, your nurse, doctor or healthcare provider will tell you to wake your baby for breastfeeding every three hours, until your baby gains birth weight.
Do not offer pacifiers to prolong the time between feedings. Follow feeding tips (examples listed above). Crying is a late symptom of hunger and makes breastfeeding much more difficult.
Breastfeeding period of newborn baby
Although most babies are fed from both breasts in each feed, some babies will be satisfied with one breast. Beware of long, slow sucking that the baby swallows.
Babies are fed close to each other many times and then not fed for a few hours. In the early days of life, especially in the evening and at night, you can breastfeed your normal, healthy newborn once or twice an hour.
Is my baby getting enough breast milk? Breastfeeding chart
You can be sure that your baby is getting enough breast milk if:
If your newborn has frequent bowel movements.
Usually, stools become soft and turn from black to brown to yellow in the first five days.
The type of stool varies among breastfed infants. They usually have at least 2 to 3 stools in 24 hours on the third day of their life. However, at five days of age, most breastfed babies have at least four yellow, seeded stools per day. In older children, this changes. In addition, some children defecate every day and some children defecate every few days.
Breastfeeding a newborn by weight tracking
Many babies lose 7 to 10 percent of their birth weight on the first day of their lives. Also, babies are born with fat deposits and usually regain their weight at two weeks of age. Frequent feeding at any time of the day will help prevent significant weight loss.
What to do when you can’t breastfeed your baby
There will be times when you will not be able to breastfeed your baby for some time. However, hospital-grade electric breast pumps provide the much-needed ‘suction’ stimulation for your milk production. At first, you can only express a few drops of milk. This is very common, especially if it is your first child. Start double pumping as soon as possible (breastfeeding both breasts at the same time); Pump regularly (every 1 to 3 hours or 8 times in 24 hours, 10 to 15 minutes). Your milk will increase over time. Don’t worry about how much milk you are pumping. Your milk production will be better when you can breastfeed your baby.
Breastfeeding twins or three children
Caring for multiple children is a task that requires more time, energy and patience. As you get used to the routine, breastfeeding becomes a cheap and convenient way to feed your babies. As long as your baby is breastfed frequently, you will have plenty of milk. Sucking and sucking at the same time while breastfeeding a newborn baby; It is a supply-demand process – the higher the demand, the higher the supply.
The position of the baby’s breast milk
The mother should keep the baby as close to her as possible while breastfeeding. The baby should be placed on the inner surface of the hand, with the head in the elbow position. It should then be supported by the hand along the back towards the bottom. The baby should be completely turned towards the mother, from the belly to the belly.
Pay attention to these after breastfeeding – what to do after breastfeeding
This is just as important as feeding the baby after breastfeeding. For this;
After the baby is full, the mother should lay the baby on her chest and hit the baby from bottom to top and occasionally burst gas. The same procedure can be applied carefully while keeping the baby on its knees.
The baby should be placed slightly on the side of the bed and supported on its back with a small pillow or blanket. The reason for lying down like this is that babies first have high reflux and they vomit while gasping. It should be spread slightly on its side so that it can be easily removed if vomited.
Swing position If it can be adjusted so that the head is slightly elevated, it will relieve the abdomen. If you place something under the bed and raise the head 10-15 degrees, it will be a comfortable angle for the baby.