The Ministry of National Education has announced the developmental features expected from children aged 60-72 months, whom the 4 + 4 + 4 law deems fit to go to primary school.
According to the Vatan newspaper Kıvanç El, the Ministry of National Education, which is not one step behind in admitting children aged 60-66 months to school, has created a preschool curriculum. Parents whose children are between the ages of 60-66 months will be able to start pre-school education for their children instead of first grade primary school without receiving a health report through a written application. However, children who have completed 66 months or by the end of the year need to start school. If the parents prove that these children have not completed their mental and physical development, then the ministry can take them to pre-school instead of first class primary school. For this, the parents have to get the report from the hospital affiliated to the Ministry of Health. Parents who do not send their children to school even though they have completed 66 months and have not received the report will have to pay a fine of 15 TL per day. A total of 2,313,888 children aged 60-66 months have been placed in the nearest primary school by the Ministry of National Education. About 250,000 children aged 60-66 months and more than 600,000 children over 66 months who have to go to compulsory school.
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Conflict of ministry
Although the Ministry of National Education enrolls all children over the age of 60 months in primary school, it also includes the 60-72 month old program in the “pre-school curriculum” that it created. Ministry officials commented on the program drawn up by the general directorate of the Department of Primary Education, saying, “It has been prepared considering the possibility of those who do not send their children to school after receiving the report.”
Developmental characteristics of children aged 60-72 months
The additional file “12” added to the pre-school program lists the developmental characteristics of 60-month-olds who are automatically enrolled in elementary school. In the program prepared by the General Directorate of Basic Education of the Ministry of National Education, the developmental characteristics of children aged 60-72 months were listed under the headings “Cognitive development”, “Language development”, “Motor development”. “Self-care skills”, “social and emotional development”. Accordingly, the expected and necessary developmental characteristics of children aged 60-72 months, whom the Ministry deems suitable for primary school education including 4 + 4 + 4 law and circular, are as follows:
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Cognitive development of children aged 60-72 months
* Completes pictures of lost people by drawing hands and feet.
* Complete 10-25 pieces puzzle.
* Combines geometric shapes to create new shapes.
* Groups 6-10 objects according to any of their properties.
* 1 to 10 objects establish a relationship between groups and numbers.
* Adds using 1 to 10 items.
* Creates stickers using 1 to 10 objects.
* Shows half and complete objects.
* Sort numbers from 1 to 20.
* Explains how matches, relationships, groups and sorts.
* Establishes cause-effect relationship.
* Recall details in a picture shown briefly.
* Predicts what might happen after an incident.
* Says similarities and differences between objects.
* The position of objects in a format relative to each other.
* Using quantitative benchmarks.
* Say the days of the week in order.
* Rhythmically counts up to 20.
* Names of regions at different times of the day.
* He pays attention to his work.
* Argument for solving problem situations.
* Creates graphics using concrete objects.
* Read the object graph.
* Creates patterns of three elements.
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Language development in children aged 60-72 months
* Says the difference between the words.
* Says similarity in sound.
* Makes words similar to the given word.
* Adjusts voice, speed and intensity.
* Creates sequential and compound sentences.
* Uses appropriate verbs for the subject in their sentences.
* Can form sentences of 6 or more words.
* Uses past, present and future tenses.
* “Who, what, when, where, why, how?” Answers such questions
* Uses connections like “cause, after” in his sentences.
* Using symbols and personal pronouns.
* He uses adverbs of time in his speech.
* Most use grammatical rules correctly.
* Some words have antonyms, synonyms and homophones.
* Join and maintain conversation.
* Speaks fluently.
* He tells a story that he has heard.
* Tells meaningful stories by establishing relationships between pictures, objects or events.
* He uses humor in his speeches.
* Can recognize written material around.
* Know that text means something.
* Tell adults about their feelings and thoughts.
* Participates in conversations about the place of study in daily life.
* Indicates the direction of the text.
* He says that the element that carries the meaning of the book is writing.
* Pretends to read by looking at the pictures in the book.
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Motor development in children aged 60-72 months
* Running overcomes obstacles.
* Rhythmically moves the story (jumping on one leg).
* It bounces rhythmically.
* One foot goes 2-3 meters forward.
* Throw the ball over the shoulder with one hand.
* Throws the ball to the ground with one hand.
* Hit the target at a certain distance.
* The ball bounces to the ground 5-6 times.
* Jump rope.
* Maintaining balance using different parts of his body.
* Stand on one leg for 9-10 seconds.
* Rolls Forward (Summersult) without assistance.
* Makes different movements one after another with music and rhythm.
* Creates 2-3 piece compositions using soft materials.
* Fold the paper diagonally when the model is shown.
* Draw circles, triangles, squares and rectangles by looking at the model.
* Draws horizontal, vertical, curved and diagonal lines and creates a new shape from them.
* Hold the pen properly.
* Copy No. 1-5.
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Self-care skills for children aged 60-72 months
* She brushes her teeth.
* Wash your hands and face and dry it.
* Washes his body.
* He himself meets the demand for toilets.
* Takes responsibility for daily work and fulfills it.
* Choose appropriate clothing for weather conditions.
* He takes off his own clothes and puts them on.
* Undo buttons and snaps on your clothes.
* Tie her shoes.
* Uses food containers like adults.
* Carries dinner plate or serving tray.
* Use cleaning materials properly.
* Acknowledges dangerous situations.
Social and emotional development of children aged 60-72 months
* Says his home address.
* Say the phone number of the parents.
* Shows his passion.
* Explains the emotional expression of others.
* Expresses itself in a unique way.
* Obey the rules.
* Explain the rules to others if necessary.
* Performs his duties.
* Feels confident.
* Adapts to new and obsolete situations.
* He communicates easily with people he has just met.
* Works in line with his goals.
* Controls your emotions.
* Leads when needed.
Parents who do not send their children to school are punished
Parents of children aged 60-66 months and enrolled in school cannot send their children to primary school if they submit a petition. Parents who do not send their children to school even though they have completed 66 months and have not received the report will have to pay a fine of 15 TL per day. Many parents say their children are between the ages of 66-72 months and ask, “Can’t you take them to kindergarten?” They have also reportedly made an application. It is learned that the parents who have received negative response to these applications and those whose financial condition is sufficient have also applied to private schools.
National Education Minister Om Dinar said enrollment in schools would be made compulsory from the 66th month and parents who did not send them would be held accountable. We were educating them, we were taking them to our school, ”he said.
The number will be clear
MEB completed primary school student registration on 23 July. The records were based on the children’s address. 2,313,888 children aged 60 months, who have entered the age of compulsory primary education, have been placed in the nearest primary school of their residence. Although 2 lakh 313 thousand students have been registered this year, 1 lakh 256 thousand 639 students have been admitted in the first year of primary education last year, which is of concern to the educationists. The number was 1 lakh 93 thousand in 2001, it increased to 1 lakh 256 thousand in 2011, that is, a total of 165 thousand has increased in 10 years. However, with the 4 + 4 + 4 Act, this number increases to about 1 million in 1 year, when educators warn “get ready for a class of 60-70 people”. On the other hand, the ministry said that such an image would not be experienced, and dual education would be held in schools if necessary.