Association of Cardiovascular Surgery Specialists. Dr. Macit Bittergill, Vascular occlusion, which is more common in men than women, is a progressive disease, he said, adding that “vascular occlusion, which is characterized by weakness in the legs and pain as a result of walking, manifests itself as a tendency to open wounds.” Infection, discoloration and paleness, loss of hair growth, slow growth of nails, very difficult if not treated. Serious problems can occur. It can make a person unable to walk due to severe pain in the legs, as well as amputation of the legs and can eventually lead to bed rest. Here are 8 causes of vascular blockage in the legs:
1-Use of smoking
Smoking causes hardening of the arteries called ‘atherosclerosis’, which over time narrows and clogs the vessel. Smoking is responsible for about half of all atherosclerosis. Furthermore, not only smoking but also exposure to and exposure to smoking increases the risk of atherosclerosis. Since smoking is one of the controllable risk factors, quitting the habit as soon as possible plays a vital role in reducing the risk.
2-Inactivity and excess weight
Especially with the increasing use of technology in recent years, inactivity is a big problem. As inactivity increases, so does weight gain, and with weight gain, the desire to move decreases over time. The Association of Cardiovascular Surgery Specialists emphasizes that this vicious cycle is beginning to seriously threaten our health. Dr. Macit Bittergill, “Inactivity and uncontrolled weight gain are also significant risk factors for vascular occlusion. Around 3 million people worldwide die each year from sedentary lifestyles. -50 minutes of regular exercise is very important.
3-High cholesterol (fatty foods)
Cholesterol and triglycerides are fatty substances, and when they are found in excess in the body, they can accumulate around vessels with various interactions and cause vascular obstruction. Assoc. Dr. “LDL is called bad cholesterol and HDL is called good cholesterol,” said Macit Bittergill. Because LDL is the molecule that carries cholesterol in the blood vessels. The molecule that carries and removes cholesterol from the blood is HDL. High blood cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL levels are like alarm bells. It should be reduced by interfering with proper diet or medication, “he warns. Noting that HDL levels should not be low, Assoc.
Our heart pumps an average of 5 liters of blood per minute into our body, normal blood pressure should be 120/80 mmHg. At high pressures above this level, the vessels of the vessel begin to be damaged, and if not intervened at the right time, the narrowness and obstruction of the vessels become inevitable. Assoc. Dr. “Therefore, it is important to check our blood pressure at regular intervals and to be aware of this,” said Macit Bittergill. Avoiding salty foods, playing sports, losing weight, and using medication if necessary are the mainstays of treatment, along with proper dietary recommendations.
Vascular occlusion is also seen in about 20-30% of diabetic patients. Uncontrolled blood sugar can cause vascular occlusion by causing problems in the lumen of the vessel over time. Noting that non-healing wounds in the legs may open up due to reduced blood flow and the effects of diabetes, Assoc. Dr. Macit Bittergill warns, “It is very important for diabetic patients to use the medicine prescribed by their doctor properly for their health, not to neglect to control their blood sugar and to follow proper dietary recommendations.”
Studies have shown that the risk of atherosclerosis has doubled in the last 10 years. Especially after the age of 50, reducing controllable risk factors such as smoking, fatty foods, excess weight gain, and inactivity, and having vascular health checkups at regular intervals is crucial to reduce the risk.
Some patients may have unexpected problems with vascular occlusion at an early age, according to the Association of Cardiovascular Surgery Specialists. Dr. Macit Bittergill says:
“Diseases that can cause blood clotting disorders, such as familial cholesterol disease, factor V liden mutations, antithrombin 3, protein C, S disorders, can cause unexpected blockage of vessels. Some simple genetic tests and blood tests can diagnose the disease. Can be done, and the disease can be controlled at an early stage through proper treatment and blood thinning treatment in these patients.
Many suffer from vascular problems such as Burger’s disease, Kawasaki disease and Behes’ disease. Assoc. Dr. Macit Bittergill says early diagnosis and treatment of vasculitis is crucial, which can cause serious problems and obstruction to small, medium or large vessels in the body at an early age, and that if left untreated, the victims can be harmed. There will be risks to limbs and life.