Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Professor. Dr. Iftihar Koksal said the disease, which is still seen in many countries, including European countries and the United States, is also seen in our country due to continued travel and can be transmitted by respiratory droplets, adding that one should be careful and be aware of the exact source. Don’t worry unnecessarily about the disease. Here are 5 points to know:
1-He is looking at these symptoms
Once the monkeypox virus is transmitted to humans, the time between symptoms varies from 5 to 21 days. The virus spreads after the onset of symptoms, not during the incubation period. The disease manifests itself primarily with 85 percent high fever, headache, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and weakness. 1 to 3 days (sometimes more) after the onset of fever, 97 percent of patients develop a rash that usually starts in the mouth and spreads to other parts of the body. The lesions first appear as rashes on the skin and then as blisters (pustules). The pustules last for about 7 days and then crust. The disease heals spontaneously in about 2-4 weeks. The monkeypox virus is diagnosed through PCR tests on fluids taken from skin lesions. In particular, samples need to be taken from multiple wounds.
2- There are many ways of eye infection from respiratory tract
Monkeypox virus infection; It is caused by contact with the skin and body fluids of infected animals and rats such as monkeys, rats or squirrels. The virus is also transmitted from person to person. It especially penetrates through irritated skin, minor scratches, respiratory tract or mucous membranes (eyes, nose or mouth). Since respiratory droplets cannot move more than a few meters, they are transmitted during prolonged face-to-face contact. In addition to these causes, human-to-human transmission occurs through body fluids and sexual intercourse.
3-It does not change like Covid-19
Mention that Covid-19 is an RNA virus, meaning it spreads too much by mutating too much, whereas Monkeypox virus is a DNA virus unlike Covid-19, so it doesn’t mutate too much. Dr. Iftikhar Koksal said, “Like Kovid-19, there is no hope of an epidemic as monkeypox suddenly mutates and infects humans.” Also, the risk of Kovid-19 infection is much higher due to the virus suspended in the air, said Professor. The Apostle Dr. Iftihar Koksal insists he still has drugs and a vaccine against the disease that can be activated if needed, so there is no need to panic.
4-There is no specific treatment
Although the disease is serious, especially in immunocompromised individuals and children, it can also be life-threatening. Professor Dr. Iftihar Koksal says there is currently no specific treatment for monkeypox infection and that the disease usually resolves spontaneously within about two to four weeks.
“The smallpox vaccine is at least 85 percent effective in protecting against monkeypox. In the United States, experts say that vaccination after exposure to monkeypox may help prevent or lessen the disease. The smallpox vaccine is a vaccine that is not included in today’s routine practice. With the onset of monkeypox in the world, a new decision could be made to vaccinate against smallpox. “
5-It is possible to secure with these measures
Appropriate respiratory isolation is essential in suspected and confirmed cases to prevent infection by respiratory and communication routes, said Prof. Dr. Dr. Iftihar Koksal “Since even crusted rashes are contagious, care should be taken to avoid infection through contact such as bedding and clothing. Frequent hand washing and paying attention to hygiene rules is the most effective method of protection. In order to prevent infection by healthcare workers, suspected cases should be carefully evaluated and patient samples should be studied under appropriate circumstances.