If your child is 3 years old and can’t speak, be careful! It could be Autistic Spectrum Disorder!

Children’s nervous development is just as important as their physical development. Although children are regularly monitored during their weight gain and height increase, their neurological development can often be overlooked, said Professor of Child Neurology. Dr. Ebru Colesall; “Language development, which is another important part of nervous development, is one of the factors that is most important, as well as the development of the child’s head control, starting to sit at the right time, use his hands and start walking. . Children should follow this closely, and when it is noticed that their speech development is better than expected for their age, they should consult a specialist quickly and determine the underlying cause.

At the age of 3 months, the development of the language begins

Professor Dr. Ebru Kolsal “Language development begins in 3 months and then progresses to regular sequence formation. While a 9-month-old baby should repeat syllables like parent, a 1.5-year-old should use at least 6-8 meaningful words. By the age of two, he will be able to form 2-word sentences, and by the age of three, he will be able to form 3-word sentences. He emphasized that comments such as “his uncle spoke when he was 5 years old” were often compared to a family member of speech-impaired children, but that language development should be within the normal range of other developments.

Speech impairment is the first to be noticed in autistic spectrum disorders.

Dr. “Children with language impairments should be assessed in detail,” Kolsal said. Hearing tests should be done in terms of hearing ability and neurodevelopmental skills should be tested. Speech delay is one of the first symptoms of autistic spectrum disorder. For this reason, it is important to consult a specialist without wasting time on autistic spectrum disorders, which can be rehabilitated through early diagnosis. ”

What is autism?

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), also known as autism, is a medical condition that affects a person’s brain development, perception and socialization with others, thus causing problems in social interaction and communication.

Autism also includes repetitive or repetitive behaviors. The term “spectrum” used in autism spectrum disorder refers to a wide range of symptoms and the range of symptoms.

Autism is a disorder that is affecting more and more people.

Symptoms of autism appear in the first year after birth. In rare cases, the baby continues to develop normally in the first year and then goes through a regression period of 18 to 24 months with symptoms of autism.

What are the types of Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Autism Spectrum Disorder is nowadays Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome (AS), Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (DDD). It covers all medical conditions that are considered independent of each other, such as previously undiagnosed developmental disorders.

Diagnosis given to children who have symptoms of autism but do not meet sufficient criteria for diagnosis is called atypical autism. Although the existence of this type of autism is controversial, an expert should be consulted if autism is found in children.

What causes autism?

There is no single known cause of autism spectrum disorder. It has been suggested that both genetic factors and environmental factors play different roles. However, it is clear from medical professionals that there is no link between the vaccine and autism. Currently, the number of children with autism spectrum disorder is increasing compared to the past.

Looking at genetic factors, several different genes seem to play a role in the autism spectrum disorder. In some cases, it may be associated with a genetic disorder called Autism Spectrum Disorder Rate Syndrome or Fragile X Syndrome (FXS), also known as Fragile X Syndrome. In other cases, genetic mutations may increase the risk of autism.

In addition, other genes can influence brain development, the way brain cells interact with each other or determine the severity of symptoms. It has been observed that some genetic mutations, i.e. mutations are hereditary, others occur spontaneously.

Looking at environmental factors, researchers are currently investigating whether factors such as viral infections, medications taken during pregnancy, complications or air pollution play a role in triggering Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Autism spectrum disorder can affect children in all parts of the world, but some factors can increase the risk of developing the disorder.

What are the symptoms of autism?

  • Some children may show the first signs of autism spectrum disorder in early childhood, such as avoiding eye contact, not responding to their name, or indifference to their caregivers.
  • In other cases, children may develop normally in the first few months or years of life, but suddenly withdraw within themselves, become aggressive, or lose the language skills they have acquired by then. These symptoms usually appear by the age of 2 years.
  • Some children with autism spectrum disorder may have learning difficulties or show less than normal intelligence. In some children, normal or even high intelligence is seen. These children have the ability to learn quickly, but they may have difficulty applying what they know to everyday life, communicating with each other, and adapting to social situations.
  • Every child with autism spectrum disorder has a unique and unique position on the spectrum. Everyone with this disorder has a unique behavioral pattern and level of violence ranging from low to high efficacy.
  • Each person may have a different and different spectrum of symptoms, so it may not be easy to determine how serious the disorder is. Gather information about the child’s level of disability and how well he or she can function in his or her daily life.
  • Some of the common symptoms shown by people with Autism Spectrum Disorder are grouped as follows:
  • Social communication and interaction
  • Children or adults with autism spectrum disorder may have a variety of problems with social interaction and communication skills;
  • Does not respond to calls or does not seem to hear people talking to him from time to time,
  • Avoid hugging and carrying, choose to play alone, withdraw to their own world,
  • Avoiding eye contact and lack of a certain facial expression,
  • Not speaking, speaking late or losing the ability to say previously acquired words or phrases,
  • Inability to spontaneously initiate or maintain a dialogue
  • The tendency to speak in a monotonous voice, like the rhythm of an unusual song or the voice of a robot
  • Repeating words or sentences for words but not understanding how to use them, repeating the same word over and over,
  • Can’t understand simple questions or instructions
  • Inability to express emotions or feelings and not being aware of the feelings of others,
  • Does not bring or point objects
  • A tendency to engage in social interactions in a passive, aggressive or destructive manner and inappropriately.
  • Difficulties in recognizing non-verbal communication methods such as facial expressions, body language or voice tone.
  • Humor and difficulty understanding hints,
  • Danger sensitivity,
  • Intense stubbornness and annoyance.

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