Describing the monkey flower as a rare zoonotic disease, Aklin said, “Zoonotic diseases are caused by microorganisms transmitted from animals to humans. However, the virus can spread from person to person. The causative agent of the disease is the monkeypox virus. The similarities show that it forms a smallpox-like disease.The virus is a double-stranded DNA virus and changes much less frequently than the RNA virus (e.g., the causative agent of SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19 disease). Central Africa and West Africa.Most of the diagnoses in the world are caused by the Central African Branch virus.
Monkey flowers can be transmitted from animals to humans and from person to person. There have been no reports of human-to-animal transmission. Direct contact with infected animals or the use of infected animals plays a role in animal-to-human transmission (zoonotic transmission). It can also be transmitted through contact with infected blood, body fluids or skin lesions. In human-to-human transmission, contact with things such as shortness of breath, skin lesions of an infected person, body fluids or sheets, clothes, blankets all play a role.
Central African strain virus is more contagious. The virus, which is still identified in Europe and belongs to the West African branch, supports that it is less likely to spread from person to person, but new information is needed. After the virus enters the body, it takes 7-17 (5-21) days for the symptoms to appear (incubation period). The disease is usually mild. Initially, there is an early (prodrome) period with fever, a general headache, muscle aches, and fatigue. This is followed by a rash and an increase in lymph nodes (under the armpits, neck and groin) in most patients.
Noting that the disease lasts 2-4 weeks, Aklin said, “The rash eventually becomes crusted and those who come in contact with the crust can also be infected with the virus. Mortality from the disease caused by the Central African strain virus has been reported as 10.6%. Smallpox vaccine has not been used in the world since 1980. Smallpox was eradicated in the 1970s. People who are not vaccinated against smallpox have a 5 times lower risk of contracting the disease.
Vaccination against smallpox can prevent the development of the disease within the first 4 days of exposure to the virus, 4-14 days after exposure. If it is done during the day it does not prevent disease, but makes it easier. Avoid direct contact with people who are ill or suspect of illness or items used by these people. Those who come in contact should keep themselves in quarantine for 21 days and apply to the health institution in case of symptoms of illness. When visiting a health facility it is important to take the necessary precautions to prevent others from becoming infected, ”he said.
Noting that contact with rats, monkeys and other wildlife should be avoided, Akalin said, “Hand hygiene and general hygiene rules should be followed. With the removal of the smallpox vaccine, there is a reduction in social resistance, loss of rain forests, geopolitical and armed conflict in Africa, a country where the disease is endemic, and high human mobility.
Although sexual contact seems to be the primary means of transmission in the diagnosis reported from 7 May 2022, the disease is a disease that is transmitted through close contact rather than through sex. The fact that people are so mobile today, we should not ignore the possibility of this disease creating an epidemic. However, considering the fact that the virus so far identified in Europe is from a less contagious arm in West Africa, the mechanism of transmission of the disease and the onset of infection with the onset of signs and symptoms, it does not appear to be contagious. Like the Covid-19 epidemic ..