What is the great place in the literature of Mosanvir? Mesnevi is a very large field of study for writers. What are the features and examples of Masnavi, one of the poetic forms of Diwan literature, what does it mean? An in-depth study is required to answer the question. So, what is Mosnavi? What are the characteristics and examples of Mesnevi, one of the poetic forms of Diwan literature, which gives great information about history and period, what does it mean?
What does Mesnevi mean?
Mesnevi literally means in pairs or in pairs. This is a verse form of Diwan literature. It is written in the form of two copylets. Each couple develops rhythm within themselves. These duets consist of rhymes in the form of aa, bb, cc, dd, one of the most poetic forms of Divan literature. Couples do not complement each other. One of the minimum conditions is the unity of the subject between the couple.
What is Mesnevi?
Mesnevi Diwan is a verse of literature. In Mesnevi, the plot is told through a fairy tale. Descriptions and descriptions do not fit the logic and reasoning and they overflow. Space and time are not specified. There are extreme exaggerations in the description.
The protagonists of the story make unusual movements. Various fairy tale motifs such as three characters, fairy, monster, sorceress and dragon are often used in Mosnavi where the focus is on love. Sometimes these love and images may have sufistic or metaphorical features.
Mesnevi consists of different parts. It is possible to classify these categories under three headings.
A-) Introduction Category: In this section, the author explains the reasons for writing his essay.
B-) Subject paragraph: This is the section where the events told in Mesnevi’s writings are published. This section is the longest section of the work.
C-) Completion category: This is the section where information about the work and the artist is given. In this section, the author gives information about the production process, such as where, when and how the work was written.
In order to better understand the content of Mesnevi and to combine what I have learned, it will be very useful to read its features in a list.
- Mesnevi literally means two or two.
- It is Iranian literature that enables Turkish literature to merge with Masnavi.
- There are no restrictions as to the number of pairs. However, there are less than 30 pairs of musnabi.
- There are no subject restrictions in Mesnevi. Usually, love and heroism are covered, but this is not a requirement. Verses, religious, moral and mystical compositions were also written in the form of masnavi.
- Each couple has their own rhyme. The rhyme scheme is in the form of aa, bb, cc, dd, ee, ff.
- It is written with a brief pattern of Aruj Prosdi.
- There is, of course, a unity of subject matter between the couple, as opposed to the various types of Diwan poetry. In other words, when describing the event in Musnabi, the couple needs to have a semantic integrity and create an essay.
- Mesnevi’s classification according to their subject. The heroic Mosnavis and the epic Mosnavis (Iskandernam), the Mosnavis about love (Husrev ü Sirin, Layla and Meknun), the Mosnavis about religion (Vesiletun – Nekat, Husan ü Ask), the Mosnavis about morality (Kutadgu Bilig) and the
- The five musnabis composed by an artist are called Hams. The artist who wrote the five Musnabi is also called Hamse Malik. In Turkish literature, Ali is known as a poet along with Shir Navai and Taslikali Yahya Bay Hamse.
- Gazavatnam is called Mesnevi which deals with the subject of war. Mosonvis, which describes a city and describes the beauty of the city, is called Sheherengiz.
The first masnavi to be written in Turkish literature was Kutadagu Bilig, written by Yusuf Has Hasip in the 11th century. Again, at the beginning of the most famous masnavids in Turkish literature, there is an essay called masnavi, written by Mevlana in the 13th century.
Before the advent of modern fiction and novels in Turkish literature, these genres were replaced by Mosnavi. Therefore, when Turkish literature first met with the novel in the 19th century, this genre did not seem strange and easily adapted.
The following is a list of the most famous Masnavi in Turkish literature:
- Ahmadi – Alexander’s name
- Sheikh – Harnam, Hussein U Sirin
- Sheikh Galip – Hussein Ashak
- Asik Pasha – Garipnam
- Prophet – Hairabat
- Suleiman the Magnificent – Mevlid
- Fuzuli – Laila and Majnun, except for the frog