Istanbul – GÜLSELİ KENARLI – Director of Boğazici University Institute of Environmental Sciences, Prof. Dr. Turgut Tuzun Onaye said that the ear buds could reach the sea from the sewerage network and could turn into microplastics year after year due to their light weight and small size.
According to the World’s Wildlife Fund (WWF) in 2019, the United States’ Sustainable Development Solutions Turkey Network (UNSDSN Turkey), sponsored by the University of Bogazisi in the Mediterranean, is the world’s most polluted area on the Turkish coast. 95 percent of Turkey’s waste is made of plastic.
Within the scope of the report, according to the spring and summer investigations on Turkish polymer waste, 41 percent of the waste on the coast is cigarette butts, 28 percent bags, 13 percent caps and rings, 10 percent sponges and 5 percent plastic bottles. It contains 2% cord and 1% ear sticks.
Winter waste includes 55% bags, 25% caps and rings, 5% cord, 4% plastic bottles, 4% butts, 4% sponges and 4% waste. To be an ear stick
Cotton buds have been on the list of the 10 most common plastic pollutants on UK beaches for the past 25 years, according to a study by Scotland-based environmental firm Federer.
In an activity conducted by the UK-based Marine Conservation Society in 2018, volunteer participants found 21 ear sticks per 100 meters to clean a beach longer than 15 kilometers, while the number has risen to 36 on the Scottish coast.
Their study concludes that 1 billion 800 million ear canes are used annually, the British government banned the use of ear canes until October 1, 2020.
Scientists warn that light and small disposable plastics, such as ear buds, which are at high risk of turning into microplastics by sunlight and friction, could be dangerous to human health because they do not sink to the beach.
Single-use plastics create serious problems
AA reporter commented on plastics and disposable plastics, Professor. Dr. Turgut Tuzun Onaye said that the production of plastics in the world started in the 1950s and so far about 100 billion tons have been produced.
The approval emphasizes that about 90 percent of these plastics produced cannot be recovered, which is a very serious problem.
Noting that there are about 300 types of plastics, 60 of which are widely used in daily life, he said, “Unfortunately, most of these are components made from petroleum derivatives. He said.
It should be noted that about 40% of the plastics used in the world are single-use plastics, which continue to be as follows:
“Plastic forks, knives, spoons, wet wipes, straws, cotton ear buds, plastic bags … the world has banned it, especially in the European Union in 2019, the use of such materials was banned, and measures based on more specific and more serious countries. “Most of these terrestrial products are produced, non-recoverable, and due to the environmental impact, most of them reach the water source and the sea through rain, wind and this creates a very serious situation.” Environmental issues, especially for aquatic organisms. “
– 100 million year buds are used and discarded every week
Among the disposable plastics, due to the small and light weight of the earrings, special attention should be paid, he said:
“By one estimate, about 100 million earrings are used and discarded every week in our country. These are usually dumped in the toilets and end up in the sewer network. We don’t dispose of them properly at home. We use them. And they Discharge into sewer systems. Since these are lightweight components, we get rid of grids and other treatment units, even in treatment plants. “These materials can easily reach the sea. Since these elements are light, they do not sink to the bottom. They can hang and sway on the surface of the sea or a few centimeters below the surface of the sea and can be carried around with the waves. Danger comes from here. “
– It goes from sea creatures to the human body
Explaining that this type of plastic can be mistaken for bait and can be swallowed by marine animals, continue as follows:
“Thus, it primarily harms marine animals as they approach them, and as humans eat marine animals, microplastics can accumulate in various parts of our bodies to an extent that can lead to very serious health problems. Can cause and affect health. Of course, this is a problem caused by eating sea animals. “
The approval states that single-use plastics such as straws and ear buds should be banned and that alternatives to these products may be created. Source: AA