Pay attention to the body’s biological rhythm – breaking news

The human body works in a certain rhythm just like a clock. In the case of physical health and mental health, the body’s chemical phenomena must adhere to a certain rhythm. Slight errors in rhythm cause health problems. In order for the body to do everything in its place and stay healthy, the biological clock has to work properly. This is because biological rhythms are responsible for the adaptation of the human body to its daily physiological, biological and social behaviors.

What does biological rhythm mean? What causes it to break? How does disruption of biological rhythms affect daily life and health? University of Health Sciences, Professor of Neurology. Dr. Füsun Mayda told Domaç TRT Haber.

It varies from person to person

Noting that biological rhythms are responsible for the harmony of the human body in daily physiological, biological and social behavior, Professor Dr. Dr. “Biological rhythms are also called circadian rhythms,” Domak said. Although biological rhythms are affected by environmental conditions such as day and night, summer and winter, it works in most cases independently of these conditions. “Some identified genes are also important in forming circadian rhythms.”
Professor Dr. Domaç emphasizes that “biological rhythm is an alarm clock that initiates a series of physical events so that we can adapt to the environment and it varies from person to person” and continues:

“Everyone has a chronotype that describes what hours of the day they sleep. People with the Morning Sickness Chronotype get up very early in the morning and go to bed before evening. They are more productive both physically and mentally during the day. Evening chronotypes are those whose efficiency increases at the end of the day and those who wake up late and go to bed late. ”

Photo: Getty Images

[Fotoğraf: Getty Images]

Each organ has its own biological rhythm

Body functions vary according to specific time zones. For example, it has been said that the most productive time mentally is around 10:00 in the morning and 14:00 in the afternoon. For exercise, the most suitable time for a biological clock is between 16.00-17.00.
Almost all organs, including the brain, have their own biological rhythms. These are synchronized by a fetal stimulus. Noting that these internal processes are controlled by the brain’s biological clock, Professor Dr. Dr. Domak explains:

“Biological rhythms regulate brain activity, heart rate and heart rate, kidney activity, hormone production and secretion, metabolism, immune system, and body temperature. The conductor of this synchronization is the so-called ‘suprachiasmatic nucleus’, this region is located symmetrically in the left and right lower part of the middle part of the brain (hypothalamus) and is located about 3 cm behind our eyes and does some kind of work. Thanks to this nucleus of the clock, body tissues can both maintain their own biological rhythms and function simultaneously. “

Photo: Getty Images

[Fotoğraf: Getty Images]

“Circadian Rhythm” is important

It is known that those who keep their circadian rhythms intact learn more permanently, their immune systems are stronger, and their hormonal balance is healthier. Again, the risk of depression is reduced and they lead a balanced life for weight gain.

So, how does this clock system break? “Circadian rhythm disorder is a condition in which the sleep-wake rhythm is disturbed. The sleep-wake rhythm is disturbed continuously or repetitively depending on the imbalance between the internal and external cycles. Dr. Domac gives an important warning:

“Light is the most important factor affecting the biological clock. Light emitted from electronic devices such as televisions, telephones and computers is a major cause of circadian rhythm disturbances. Melatonin, also known as the sleep hormone, is another factor that affects our circadian rhythms. Melatonin release begins at 21.00-22.00. This is the most active time of the night from 02: 00-03: 00. Melatonin levels decrease with exposure to light at night. Under normal circumstances, sleep, circadian rhythms and social rhythms are consistent. Adequate rest and deep sleep are achieved at night if this balance is at an adequate level. During the day most of the awakening is felt. “

Photo: Getty Images

[Fotoğraf: Getty Images]

Effects of nutrition and external stimuli

Of course, this is not the only reason … Irregular meals and extra work during the day, during the day, such as drinking tea-coffee or drinking late in the day also interferes with the order. Circadian rhythms are negatively affected by conditions such as excessive use of blue light and electromagnetic wave emitting devices, frequent travel, or cataracts.
What is the reason for the change in the circadian rhythm, Professor. Dr. Domak explains:

“Disrupting the balance between the individual sleep-wake cycle and the 24-hour social and physical environment, it leads to disease, including recurrent or prolonged sleep rhythm disturbances. It can lead to the formation and progression of diseases such as diabetes, obesity, depression and heart disease. “

Photo: Getty Images

[Fotoğraf: Getty Images ]

Lifestyle change is the first step

Fortunately, circadian rhythm disorders that cause health problems can be treated. “The first step is to change your lifestyle and apply the rules of sleep hygiene,” Domak concluded.

“Sleep and wakefulness periods should be planned and the patient should be assured of adherence to the program. Depending on the type of circadian rhythm disorder, mild therapy or medication treatment is recommended to control sleep and ensure alertness, if necessary.

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