SANKO University participates in the Healthy Life Festival organized by the Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality Health Services and the Department of Persons with Disabilities.
Rector Professor. Dr. Speaking at the opening of the festival, Gunnar Dali said that the treatment of obesity is more difficult than prevention of obesity and said, “With very small changes in daily life, a healthy and fit life can be managed. More walking, less food, more walking.”
They are proud and happy to be able to take part in such events as the University of Health, said Professor. Dr. Dali said, “Congratulations to those who have contributed to this festival, which was organized to raise awareness about obesity, an important health issue for people of all ages, and to combine our knowledge and create a solution, and I want it to be a successful festival.” Will be. “
During the festival, educators from Sanko University shared information on panels about healthy nutrition, obesity and exercise.
Lecturer in General Surgery, Department of Medicine, SANKO University. Member, Sanko University Hospital Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Center. Train member Basar Aksoy also defined obesity as excess body fat.
“Although there are many defined treatments for obesity, the treatment of other diseases, from simple to complex, from the least painful to the most painful, needs to be planned with an algorithm,” said Dr. Train member Akshay shared the following information about obesity surgery:
“In the case of obese patients, after trying simpler treatment methods, more complex and more complex treatment methods should be chosen. It is not advisable to take a patient who has not been treated with other medical procedures and has not been proven to be a failure. Surgery is an important and great option. Patients should try other treatment options before surgery. This applies not only to the treatment of obesity, but also to the treatment of all diseases.
Just as we do not operate on a patient who can be treated with medication, and we do not treat a patient who can be treated as an outpatient, we do not operate on a patient who has not been treated with diet, physical therapy, medication . , Or change the social habits of obese patients. Or, conversely, if we have a firm decision that a patient who has gone through these stages will not benefit from it, it would be a wrong choice to waste time with these patients without surgery.
Understanding why an individual is obese is part of the treatment protocol for obesity. Indeed, it should not be forgotten that food addiction can eventually lead to the development of obesity. Missing these situations can result in the patient regaining weight as well as losing treatment. A multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of obesity is very important, including a group of psychiatrists, nutritionists, nutritionists, surgeons, cardiologists and pulmonologists who treat patients with obesity-related diseases. “
Sanko University, Professor of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation. Dr. Nevin Ergun also gave a presentation on obesity and exercise.
Obesity is an excess of body fat which causes health problems, Professor Dr. Dr. “Although hypothalamic, endocrine and genetic disorders cause obesity, it is known that the most common causes of obesity are over-nutrition and inactivity,” Ergun said.
Professor Dr. Ergun noted that the group of people who would respond most easily to the treatment of obesity were those who were light or moderately overweight, those who had excess body fat, those who did not have a history of weight gain or loss, those who really wanted to. To lose weight, and those who have become obese in youth.
In order to change diet and movement habits to moderate to severe obesity, it is primarily intended to create behavioral changes, Professor. Dr. Ergun says more aggressive methods are used in severe obesity (BMI> 40).
Listing the types of exercises as walking, increasing the activities of daily life and prevention exercises, Prof. Dr. Dr. Ergun stressed that the frequency of this exercise should be at least 5 days per day or week, between 40-60 minutes per day or between 20-30 minutes twice a day and the intensity of the exercise should be 50 to 50. Maximum oxygen consumption is 70 percent.
“The most important problem in obese adults is prevention of injury. High body weight can lead to joint problems in particular. Another important issue is heat control,” said Professor Dr. Dr. Ergun concludes:
“In order to prevent injuries, in addition to gradually increasing the severity and duration with a history of injury, adequate warm-up and cool-down exercises should be done in the natural environment during the cold days, drinking plenty of fluids. Meals should be provided, and clothing appropriate to a temperature should be selected. “
Head of the Department of Nutrition and Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences. Dr. Efsun Karabudak shared “Nutritional Errors Due to Obesity”.
Reminding that “excess weight or obesity can be defined as abnormal or excess fat deposits which can harm the health of the body”, Professor Dr. Dr. Carabudak reports that obesity has nearly tripled worldwide since 1975, with 39 million children under the age of 5 being overweight or obese in 2020, compared to 39 percent of adults aged 18 and over in 2016.
The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a general weight gain indicator that is widely used to classify adults as overweight and obese. Dr. Karabudak made the following statement:
“BMI is calculated by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms by their height in square meters (kg / m2). The World Health Organization defines a BMI of 25 kg / m2 as excess weight for adults, while a BMI of 30 kg / m2 defines it as obese.
Since the BMI standard is the same for adults of both sexes and all ages, it is more effective to evaluate body composition or body measurements because it may not be consistent with the same level of obesity in different individuals such as athletes, although it provides the most effective. Measure population levels to assess overweight and obesity.
“The main cause of obesity and overweight is the energy imbalance between the calories consumed and the calories consumed. The development of obesity is multifaceted,” said Professor Dr. Dr. Karabudak went on to say:
“One of the two main causes of the development of obesity in the world; Increase fat and sugar intake of high energy-dense foods; The other is the increasing sedentary nature of various types of work, changes in mode of transportation and increasing physical inactivity due to increasing urbanization.
Changes in the types of food and physical activity are often the result of environmental and social changes due to lack of development and supportive policies in sectors such as health, agriculture, transportation, urban planning, environment, food processing, distribution, marketing and education. “
Mentioning the consequences of excess weight and obesity on joint health, Professor. Dr. Karabudak summarized his warning as follows:
“Increased BMI has resulted in cardiovascular disease (mainly heart disease and stroke), which was the leading cause of death in 2012; Diabetes is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases such as muscular dystrophy (especially osteoarthritis – a highly disabling degenerative disease of the joints) and some cancers (endometrial, breast, ovarian, prostate, liver, gallbladder, kidney) and.
Childhood obesity and higher adult obesity are associated with an increased risk of premature death and disability. Obese children; In addition to future health risks, they experience shortness of breath, risk of fractures, high blood pressure, early detection of cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, and psychological effects. Note that; Obesity is a preventable disease. “
Guidance Psychological Counseling Services Specialist at SANKO University. Clinical psychologist Işıl Afat Kolukısa says that obesity is not only a physical but also a psychological problem and evaluates that “individuals continue to eat to fill the mental void”.
Obesity causes many mental disorders, including depression and anxiety, Uzm. Psychologist Kolukisa adds that in order to achieve effective results in the treatment of obesity, a multi-disciplinary approach, including psychiatric treatment strategies, should be chosen.
At the end of the speech, the plaque was handed over to the speakers.
During the festival, participants and visitors at the stands of Sanko University and Sanko University Hospital had their blood pressure, blood sugar and body mass index measured.