How is testicular cancer treated with robotic surgery?

Testicular cancer is a disease caused by the formation of cancerous (malignant) cells in the testicular tissue. Cancer cells may develop in both testicles, but this is very rare. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men between the ages of 20 and 40. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in young people. About 95 percent of them are treatable.

What is the reason?

Risk factors for testicular cancer include:

Testicles (s): This is when one or both testicles do not move to the testicles before birth.

Personal or family history: Men whose siblings have testicular cancer have a higher risk of developing cancer. Men who have had testicular cancer before have an increased risk of developing testicular cancer for a second time.

Infertility: Infertile men are more likely to get testicular cancer. Causes of Infertility Some of the causes can be testicular cancer.

What are the symptoms?

The following symptoms may be a sign of testicular cancer or other conditions. If you have any of these symptoms, you should see a doctor:

– Testicular swelling
– Swelling of both testicles
– Fluid accumulates in the testicles
– Pain in groin or lower abdomen
– Pain or discomfort in the testicles or testicles

How is it diagnosed?

Testicular cancer is usually diagnosed after a lump or other change in the testicles of men is noticed. When an abnormality is suspected, an ultrasound is usually ordered. This is a painless medical examination that helps the doctor see if there are any abnormalities in the testicles. If cancer is diagnosed by ultrasound, surgery may be needed to remove the testicle and it will be sent to a lab for cancer testing. Testicular cancer is diagnosed only after testicular removal and pathological examination. Biopsies that involve the removal of a small amount of tissue using a needle or other medical device are not performed on the testicles because the treatment of cancer can be complicated if a testicular sting is found. Tests that help diagnose testicular cancer may include:

Ultrasound: It is a process that uses high-energy sound waves to create images of body tissues.

Physical examination and medical history: A physical examination and medical history can help the doctor look for problems related to testicular cancer.

Serum tumor marker test: This method tests a blood sample to measure the amount of a specific substance associated with a particular type of cancer. These substances are called tumor markers. Frequent tumor markers in testicular cancer include alpha-photoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG or beta-HCG), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH).

Radical Orchectomy Surgery: This procedure involves removing the entire testicle with an incision in the groin. A tissue sample from the testicle is then examined for cancer cells.

CT scan and X-ray: A CT scan is a medical examination that uses X-rays to create an internal image of the body. When a cancer is diagnosed or suspected, a CT scan (also called a CAT scan) is performed to see if the cancer can be found elsewhere in the body. In testicular cancer, a CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis is performed. Chest pictures are taken with CT or regular X-rays.

How is it treated?

Almost all testicular cancers begin in germ cells (cells that turn into sperm or eggs). The main types of testicular germ cell tumors are seminomas and non-seminomas. Non-seminoma tumors grow and spread faster than seminomas. Seminomas are more sensitive to radiation and both types are more sensitive to chemotherapy. There are three main forms of treatment for testicular cancer:

Radiation therapy: This treatment uses high doses of X-rays to kill the cancer cells. After surgery, radiation may be used to prevent tumor recurrence or in patients with small seminomas scattered around the main vessel of the retroperitoneum. Typically, radiation is limited to the treatment of seminomas and patients over 40 years of age.

Chemotherapy: This treatment uses certain drugs to kill the cancer cells. It is used to treat diseases that spread to lymph nodes around the main vessels of the retroperitoneum and spread to other organs.

Treatment with Robotic Surgery: The retroperitoneal lymph nodes are located near and behind the main blood vessels in the abdomen. Precision is required to remove all these nodes. The nerves in this area are essential for sexual function and need to be protected. After chemotherapy, most of the lymph nodes in this region respond to almost complete treatment or become too small or disappear completely. After chemotherapy, the remaining lymph nodes in this area should be removed. This surgery is called retroperitoneal lymph node excision.

Testicular cancer surgery requires a long incision in the patient’s abdomen. If robotic surgery is performed, the same procedure can be performed with small holes. The robotic system helps the surgeon to perform this surgery through small holes. Robotic Surgery The latest development in cancer surgery, it enhances benefits while reducing surgical problems. Special cameras are used. Proper intervention can be done with special equipment that can rotate 540 degrees. It provides less pain, faster recovery, shorter hospital stay and faster return to work. Retropertional lymph node excision can be performed reliably through robotic surgery.

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