Fanda Tunser, a lecturer in the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics at the Faculty of Health Sciences at Yuscudar University, talks about the causes of diabetes and shares important nutritional recommendations for people with diabetes.
The main fuel for carbohydrate development
Carbohydrate use requires insulin, the basic fuel that provides the energy needed for life to develop and sustain, Lecturer said. “Diabetes is a disease that develops due to insufficiency of insulin secreted by the pancreas or inability to use it in the body,” said his assistant Fanda Tunser. Glucose, the smallest unit of carbohydrate, accumulates in the blood and causes hyperglycemia. Says
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are common
There are many types of diabetes, said the lecturer. Assistant Fanda Tuner, “Type 1 and type 2 are the most common types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is responsible for 10 percent of all diabetic patients. It usually occurs in childhood and adolescence. We can talk about the absence of insulin in type 1 diabetes. These people need to take insulin supplements several times a day, before meals and at night. Type 2 diabetes is a type that occurs in adults with the development of nutritional, genetic and environmental factors. In this disease, insulin cannot be used by cells. We can say that the production of insulin decreases in the later stages of the disease. He said.
Diabetes affects millions of people worldwide.
Tunerser says that with the increase in the frequency of obesity due to changes in nutrition and lifestyle habits, the tendency to diabetes has increased significantly and his words continue as follows:
“Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the world. It is reported to have killed 5.2 million people worldwide. Also, uncontrolled diabetes can lead to the development of some diseases in the following years, such as nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy, as well as cardiovascular disease. So it is important to prevent and control diabetes. It has been said that high energy intake and fast food in a Western-style diet and a sedentary lifestyle are the primary causes of developing diabetes. In addition, it is said that body weight and especially belly fat and liver fat contribute to the development of diabetes. In the development of diabetes, environmental factors such as sedentary lifestyle, sleep duration and quality, smoking, depression and stressful life and socio-economic status are found.
Adequate and balanced diabetes slows down development
There are many factors that affect diabetes, eating habits, obesity, genetic makeup and environmental factors. “Eating habits that affect the development of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, have a growing effect,” said Assistant Funda Tuners. Adequate and balanced diet of individuals for a long time can slow down the development of diabetes, as well as accelerate the emergence of unhealthy foods such as Western foods, where consumption of high-fat, sugary and low-fiber foods is intense. The disease. Says
What should diabetics pay attention to nutrition?
The goal of diabetes treatment is to control the level of high blood sugar, to prevent diseases caused by high blood sugar and to provide healthy eating habits to the people throughout their life. Officer Fanda Tunser went on to say:
“Like healthy people, people with diabetes need to get adequate and balanced nutrition in their daily life. Energy and nutritional requirements of diabetic patients; It can vary depending on age, body composition, sex, blood results and the person’s existing disease. That’s why it’s important to create a personalized nutrition plan. In order for a person to meet the required energy and nutrition, they need to choose nutritious food and give importance to food diversity. In addition, long-term hunger in diabetics can lead to high blood sugar fluctuations, so eating 2-3 hour breaks will help these people control their diabetes.
Fiber helps control blood sugar
Emphasizing that in diabetes, attention should be paid to carbohydrate intake, which especially affects blood sugar, the lecturer said. His staff, Fanda Tunser, said: “Since food is digested and absorbed faster with a high sugar content, it can cause a sudden rise in blood sugar. Also, the presence of fiber in the diet will help control blood sugar by slowing down digestion and absorption of food. For this reason, it would be more appropriate for people with diabetes to choose fruits because of their fibrous content instead of fruit juices and to eat whole grains, vegetables and lemons with high fiber content. In addition, eating a high-fat, high-protein diet that helps keep blood sugar levels in check will help control diabetes in a balanced way. He said.