Assoc. Dr. Vuslat Keçik Bosniak says that Monkeypox virus disease, which occupies the agenda after the epidemic, is a viral zoonotic disease that is found primarily in the tropical rain forests of Central and West Africa and from time to time in other regions. It has been dubbed the “Monkey Flower” because it was discovered with the outbreak of an epidemic.
Providing information on the mechanism of transmission of the disease, Assoc. Dr. Bosniak said: “The monkeypox virus is transmitted to humans from most wild animals such as rats and primates, but can also be transmitted from person to person. Eating less cooked meat and other animal products is a risk factor. It can be transmitted from mother to fetus through the placenta. The incubation period of the disease usually varies from 6 to 13 days, but can vary from 5 to 21 days, “he said.
Signs and symptoms
Listing the signs and symptoms of the disease, the Bosnian said: “Symptoms and results include fever, headache, weakness and fatigue, severe body and back pain, swollen lymph nodes and a rash that appears as a small blister filled with water. Chickenpox on the skin.
Rash in monkeypox is seen within 1-5 days from the onset of the first symptoms. In most cases, the first rash is observed in the facial area. It then spreads to other parts of the body. In some patients, lesions are also seen on the genitals, eyes and oral mucosa. The disease can be confused with chickenpox due to the similarity of the rash. Although the rash is primarily a water-filled blister, over time these become rough spots and begin to heal. In some patients, the lesions contain hundreds of bumps that spread throughout the body, while in some patients, less blisters appear. In severe cases, the lesions condense and form large blisters on the skin surface, ” he said.
Treatment of the disease
Bosnian, about the treatment of the disease, said, “Monkeypox is a self-limiting disease that usually lasts 2 to 4 weeks. Severe cases are more common in children. Mortality rates from the monkeypox virus range from 0 percent to 11 percent of the general population. Mortality rates are higher among children, adolescents and those without immunity. In the case of diagnosis, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the laboratory test of choice considering its accuracy and sensitivity. An alternative when a biopsy is available.
Smallpox vaccine, antiviral and intravenous immune globulin (VIG) can be used to control monkeypox epidemics. People with serious illnesses or those at risk of dehydration, such as nausea, dysphagia, should be hospitalized for a short time and given the necessary supportive care.
Action must be taken
Bosniak noted that the monkeypox virus (monkeypox) is found in central and western Africa, usually near the tropical rainforest. Noting that most human infections are primarily caused by animal-to-human transmission, Bosnians emphasize the importance of avoiding unprotected contact with wild animals, especially sick or dead animals, including meat, blood, and other parts.
Underlines that all meats or portions of meat should be cooked thoroughly before eating, Assoc. Regarding contact with monkeypox virus, Bosniak said: “Contact with animals that may have the virus and any contaminants that come in contact with sick animals should be avoided. Infected patients must be isolated from others who may be at risk of infection. The disease can be prevented by applying hand hygiene after contact with infected animals or humans and by using personal protective equipment (PPE) when communicating with patients.