Extreme heat brings various health problems, said Dr. Rankin Easit says body temperature has risen due to rising temperatures and humidity.
Mention is usually made to try to balance the sweat and body temperature, said. Yiğit said, “However, at extreme temperatures, body temperature cannot be balanced by sweating alone. It may not always be possible to balance body temperature with the sweating process in the elderly, children and people with chronic diseases. Again, if the humidity in the environment is high, the body temperature may not be low enough to sweat. Also, obesity, high fever due to any disease, excess fluid loss (dehydration), heart disease, mental and nervous disorders, alcohol and drug use and use of some therapeutic drugs (blood pressure lowering drugs, diuretics etc.). Other factors affect sweating in hot weather. In such cases, an increase in body temperature can cause damage to the brain and other vital organs.
65 years of age or older, children under 4 years of age who need care, pregnant women who work out, overweight, chronic diseases (diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, mental illness, chronic respiratory disease, static liver) Diseases, kidney disease, those who use drugs (especially blood pressure-lowering, diuretics, depression and sleeping pills), street children and the homeless are the most affected groups. Group.
Noting that there is no need to go out between 10:00 and 16:00 to get protection from extreme heat, said Dr. Eisit made the following statement:
“People who work outdoors should be careful not to be exposed to the sun as much as possible, to avoid excessive movement and to eat salty foods frequently. Light-colored, light, loose and tightly woven fabrics should be preferred for outdoor periods; A wide-brimmed hat with holes in the air should be worn and sunglasses should be used to protect it from the harmful rays of the sun. Swimming and sunbathing should not be done during the hours when the sun is shining (10.00-16.00). Those who want to swim outside of this period should use sunscreen cream, take necessary protective measures like hats and goggles and should not be exposed to sun for a long time. Morning and evening should be preferred for intense physical activity and sports and at least 2-4 glasses of fluid should be taken for each hour of sports. Heavy physical activity should be avoided. At-risk adults and adults should be monitored at least twice a day for sun or heat stroke.
The baby should be monitored frequently. Children, infants, the disabled and animals should never be left in closed and parked vehicles. Vehicles increase their indoor temperature very quickly after parking, even if they are air-conditioned.
When leaving the car, make sure everyone is out. Indoor areas should have good ventilation. Sun-exposed windows, curtains, etc. Should be shaded with sunshade. Take frequent showers so that body temperature does not rise; Where this is not possible, feet, hands, mouth and neck should be soaked or wiped with cold water. Even if there is no feeling of thirst, at least 2-2.5 liters (12-14 glasses) of fluid should be consumed daily.
Breakfast should include low-fat cheese, olives and fresh vegetables, and milk, fruit juices, herbal teas such as linden and rosehip should be preferred over caffeinated beverages. Eating fatty foods and deep fried foods should be avoided; Vegetable oil should be used in food. When cooking food, healthy cooking methods such as boiling, grilling, self-juicing or low water should be used instead of frying and frying. Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits to boost the body’s immune system and ensure that the body receives adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals. To prevent fluid and mineral loss from increasing with sweating, more fluids than usual should be taken.
Although drinking water is essential for fluid intake, drinks such as milk, iron, and fruit juices should be preferred to coffee, tea, and carbonated beverages for non-liquid liquids. If fluid intake is limited or diuretics are used by the doctor, it is necessary to consult the concerned doctor. Too cold and iced drinks should not be preferred as they can cause abdominal pain. Caffeine, alcohol and sugary drinks should not be consumed as they cause further fluid loss from the body. Foods sold outside and in the open should be avoided, food (meat, eggs, milk, fish, etc.) that are at risk of spoilage should not be kept in the open and hygiene rules should be followed. Making and cooking food.