What are cannabis seeds? How to consume flax seeds? What are the benefits of flax seeds?

They are small seeds of the Cannabis sativa L. plant. It is also known as ‘Sidney’ or flax seed in Anatolia. Flax seeds, which are found in kitchens especially in Central Anatolia and many parts of our country, are also used as bird food due to its rich and oily content and it has miraculous benefits for human health as well as birds.

Cannabis seeds are obtained by collecting and drying the seeds of the industrial cannabis plant after flowering, so that there are no psychoactive substances. Cannabis seeds can be added raw, fried or in various recipes. It can be sprinkled on pastries like black cumin and added to cookies and cakes and can be happily added to muesli and smoothie mixes.

Flax seed shells make it a shriveled seed. (The song “Çıt Çıt Çedene” is even more meaningful now!) Cannabis seeds can also be consumed by crushing or through a process called hullem, which allows them to separate and crush the shells, thus making them more oily and easier to eat. . Hooled flax seeds can be eaten as a more delicious ingredient in meals and salads. It is also possible to make vegetable milk from flax seeds, just like almond milk or coconut milk, with all the benefits we will list below.

  • Wash 100 grams of cannabis seeds, soak overnight in 2 glasses of water if possible, or for a few hours if not.

  • Add the seeds to 1 liter of water, add a pinch of salt and mix with a blender for 3-4 minutes until you get a smooth consistency.

  • Sift the mixture with a cheesecloth and transfer to a glass bottle. You can use the rest of the garnish by mixing it with food, salads, muesli or dessert recipes.

  • You can add 1 date or 1 tablespoon of honey / molasses to sweeten it.

Studies confirm that cannabis plants have their own variety of benefits. Leaves, flowers, stems, fibers, roots; Cannabis is one of our most valuable plants grown on our land, as each part of it can be used in different regions.

The rich nutritional value of cannabis seeds, which have been used as flax seeds in Anatolia for many years, can be listed as follows:

  • According to a 2004 study, flax seeds contain more than 30% oil and about 25% protein.

  • Another study published in our country states that peeled seeds of cannabis can increase the oil rate by 44% and protein by 33%.

  • In the same study, it was stated that flax seeds contain 28% carbohydrates and 28% dietary fiber.

  • It is rich in vitamins B1, B2, E and folic acid (B9).

  • It contains minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, copper, potassium, sodium and zinc.

It contains a lot of protein. It contains amino acids, which are extremely important for the functioning of the human body. Eating 3 tablespoons of flax seeds per day meets one third of a person’s daily protein needs. It is an ideal food especially for vegan and vegetarian dishes. Flax proteins contain about 18% sulfur amino acids by volume, and sulfur-rich proteins significantly increase the nutritional value of food. Studies have shown that flaxseed proteins are more valuable because legumes, which are known to be rich in protein from legumes of various plants such as soybeans, peas and peas, are deficient in sulfur.

Since flaxseed does not contain gluten, celiac patients can easily consume it and even bread made from flaxseed flour can be a great alternative to gluten-free bread. Flax seeds are also very good for digestion and contain healthy dietary fiber. Thanks to its ingredients that facilitate bowel function, it regulates the digestive system and helps prevent problems like diarrhea and constipation.

It is rich in omega fatty acids, thus supporting brain health. It helps maintain the balance of the nervous system in cases like depression, anxiety and lack of attention.

Flax seeds contain a fatty acid called GLA (gamma linolenic acid), which is one of the omega 6 fatty acids, thanks to which it helps maintain hormonal balance in the body.

It helps to prevent various problems during menstruation. The gamma linolenic acid in it helps prevent problems like hormonal problems and premenstrual syndrome due to excessive painful menstruation. The magnesium in it helps to relieve cramps during menstruation. Similarly, it is effective in reducing the negative symptoms seen during menopause.

It can be eaten as a good source of nutrition during pregnancy and lactation, while thanks to its fatty acids that support the health of mother and baby, it also contributes to folic acid.

It helps reduce cholesterol and protects cardiovascular health.

It is beneficial for hair and skin health. When eaten regularly, it helps to make hair and skin look brighter and more vibrant.

Thanks to its high magnesium content, it is also very beneficial for sleep problems. Melatonin It helps in reducing problems like insomnia due to its deficiency, helps in secretion of melatonin hormone.

Strengthens bones and teeth with its calcium content.

Thanks to vitamins and especially iron, it helps prevent anemia and complaints like fatigue, headaches and weakness that can be felt due to anemia.


Barbara Farinon, Romina Molinari, Lara Constantini and Niccolo Merendino. “The Seed of Industrial Hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.): Nutritional Quality and Potential Efficacy for Human Health and Nutrition”. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7400098/ (12.06.2020).

Jesse Callaway. “Hempseed as a Nutritional Resource: An Overview”. Retrieved from: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10681-004-4811-6

Nurkan Dogan, Chemhan Dogan. “The use of the miraculous herb cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.) in the food industry”. Retrieved from: https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/2149342 (2021).

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